Encyclopaedias listing great German minds would be sadly depleted without all those who found Thuringia a good place to spend their lives or to live and work for a while. Weimar is Thuringia's fourth largest city, with a population of 64,000 (as of June 2006). The oldest known reference to a Thuringian sausage is located in the Thuringian State Archive in Rudolstadt in a transcript of a bill from an Arnstadt convent from the year 1404. Thuringia Quiz. Thuringia is known for its nickname, “the green heart of Germany,” because of the dense forest that envelops the land. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Trout and carp are traditionally bred in aquaculture in many villages. Thuringia is surrounded by the German states of Lower Saxony to the northwest, Saxony-Anhalt to the northeast, Saxony to the southeast, Bavaria to the south, and Hessen to the west. Only the segment west of Erfurt of the Frankfurt-Dresden line will stay in use for ICE trains after 2017, but an increase of velocity to 200 km h is planned here (now: 160 km h). Between 1950 and 2000, most of the secondary railways got abandoned, so that Thuringia's network today is only half as long as in 1940. Regular flights are carried out via the major airports around like Frankfurt Airport, Berlin Brandenburg Airport and Munich Airport. The decrease is caused on the one hand by the emergence of new jobs and on the other hand by the strong shrinkage of population in working age, caused by various demographic effects. Thuringia, historic region and Land (state) of east-central Germany. Left and Greens in Thuringia, however, are urging the CDU not only to abstain from a new vote, but at least partially to vote for Ramelow in order to secure a majority without AfD. 2551000 brandenburg, 2832912 schleswig-holstein, 3402312 berlin In 2017, a new high speed line will be opened in Thuringia, taking over the long-distance trains from the mid-19th century lines. Both worked also in the famous University of Jena nearby, which now hosts the most important centre of science in Thuringia. 47624 niedersachsen, 70549 bayern, The economic transition after the German reunification in 1990 led to the closure of the most large-scale factories and companies, so that small and medium-sized ones are dominating the economic structure. 7996942 lower saxony, 10736000 baden-wurttemberg The transportation infrastructure was in very bad condition after the GDR period. If you plan to do a day trip the '''"Thüringen-Ticket"''' might just be what you are looking. Important products are apples, strawberries, cherries and plums in the fruit sector, cabbage, potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes (grown in greehouses), onions, cucumbers and asparagus in the vegetable sector, as well as maize, rapeseed, wheat, barley and sugar beets in the crop sector. Tamara Danz was born on 14 December 1952 in Breitungen (Thuringia). The economic progress is quite different between the regions of Thuringia. One of its most famous student was Martin Luther. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. The only one with public aviation is the Erfurt–Weimar Airport next to Erfurt. Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. The state's most famous city is undeniably Weimar. A lot of famous people visited it over time and lots of historical events happened there. Article 18 of the constitution enabled a new delimitation of the German territory but set high hurdles: ''Three fifth of the votes handed in, and at least the majority of the population are necessary to decide on the alteration of territory''. Thuringia's only wine-growing district is situated around Bad Sulza north of Weimar and Jena along the Ilm (Ilm (Thuringia)) and Saale valley. Thuringia has been known by the nickname of "the green heart of Germany" from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. Both mined a significant amount of the world's potash production in the mid-20th century. * The Hainich Forest - Germany's thirteenth national park with its magnificent tree-top walk Between 1950 and 1990 uranium mining was also important to cover the Soviet Union's require for this metal. Erfurt is also the largest city in Thuringia, with a history of more than 1200 years. Highest rated places of interest or tour operators on Tripadvisor, promoting those where there is at least one tour or activity available to book on Tripadvisor. By Train Also known as Saint Elisabeth of Hungary. The big cities along the Bundesautobahn 4 like Erfurt, Jena and Eisenach and their surroundings are booming, whereas nearly all the rural regions, especially in the north and east are without any economic impetus and employment, which is a big issue in regional planning. Marga Faulstich (1915 - 1998) #Glass Chemist Marga Faulstich was born on 16-06-1915 in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany. Get in The Bundesautobahn 73 starts at the A 71 south of Erfurt in Suhl and runs southwards to Nuremberg. What is an Erfurt "Puffbohne" bean? Find what to do today, this weekend or in November. It is well known how that story ended and we do not need to comment on that any further. Most of the new German towns were planned and built in a grid-like pattern with a rectangular market square in the center. Introduction. The '''Free State of Thuringia''' ( ) is a federal state (States of Germany) of Germany, located in the central part of the country. She was married to Jörg Zimmermann. She made her singing debut in 1971 in East Berlin with the band Die Cropies. Agriculture and forestry Most important industrial branches are engineering and metalworking, vehicle production and food industries.  The unemployment rate reached a peak around 2005. Nevertheless, they are more important than in the most other areas of Germany, especially within rural regions. Well-known centres of the Thuringian industry are Jena (a world centre in optical production with companies like Carl Zeiss (Carl Zeiss AG), Schott (Schott AG) and Jenoptik) and Eisenach, where BMW started its car production in the 1920s and an Opel factory is based today. A place of remembrance and a memorial to the millions killed by multiple despotic regimes. Furthermore, there are many milk and cheese producers, as well as laying hens. The name Thuringia or Thüringen derives from the Germanic tribe Thuringii, who emerged during the Migration Period. Roman Catholic Saint. From the late 16th century it was generally divided into several branches, the most important of which were those of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt). 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