This report analyses the impacts of agriculture in OECD member countries on water, air, soil, biodiversity and other environmental themes. This data will instead be incorporated into Water Account, Australia (cat. no. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), water used for irrigation accounts for nearly 65 percent of the world’s freshwater withdrawals excluding thermoelectric power (1). It aims to provide guidance to decision makers on choosing an appropriate mix of policies and market approaches to address the interaction between agriculture and water systems under climate change. This Statistics Explained article is outdated and has been archived - for recent articles on Environment, see here Industry is one of the main water users in Europe, accounting for about 40 % of total water abstractions. This chapter looks at the challenges and options facing policy makers. Governments need to improve the economic efficiency and environmental effectiveness of policies that seek to improve water resource use efficiency and reduce water pollution from agricultural systems. There are a number of And, not all of that land is ideally suited for farming, or is used to farm crops that need large quantities of water. Statistics show that total water use has increased by 2.7 billion cubic meters since 1975, a 3.1 billion cubic meter decrease in water for industry, and a 5.0 billion cubic meter increase in water … Southeast Asia’s exposure to increasingly frequent and intense weather-related disasters is a growing concern for agricultural producers of the region. Trends in Water Use and Quality Since 1990 (chapter from Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990) OECD agricultural water use rose by 2% over the period 1990-92 to 2001-03. It also faces the enormous challenge of producing For the 2018-19 reference period, there are two changes to collection outputs. It assesses the costs and benefits of agriculture's impact on water systems, and contains a number of case studies on agriculture and water pollution at the regional (European Union, the Baltic Sea) and national (France, Britain and Australia) levels as well as in specific areas (Lake Taupo, New Zealand and Chesapeake Bay, United States). Final estimates for land management, similar to those previously published in Land Management and Farming, Australia (cat. In industrialized nations, however, industries consume more than half of the water available for human use. To assist policy makers in addressing this challenge, OECD indicators and analysis contribute to formulating policy responses that will move agriculture towards the sustainable management of water. Agriculture uses 50-70% of the water consumed in Australia per annum and irrigation uses 90% of that. 106 footprinting, water footprints of livestock supply chains, animal science, soil science, agriculture science, 107 hydrology, capacity development, and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Water waste in agriculture The gap between water supplies and water demand is increasing in many areas of the world: in those areas already suffering water lacking, increasing drought will be the major constraint to agricultural ‌‌Water Quality and Agriculture: Meeting the Policy Challenge. Withdrawals for livestock use were an estimated 2,000 Mgal/d for 2015, less than 1 percent of total freshwater withdrawals. This report analyses eight past water and agriculture policy changes in OECD countries with the aim to identify steps towards adopting and implementing such solutions effectively. Managing Water Resources in the Agricultural Sector (chapter from Managing Water for All: An OECD Perspective on Pricing and Financing) Water resources management in agriculture is complex, covering a diverse range of farming systems, climatic conditions, sources of water, property rights, institutional arrangements, and cultural and social contexts. For a synthetic view on the work and policy recommendations on agriculture and water, please consult the April 2016 Agricultural Ministerial Background note “Agriculture and Water”. Almost two thirds (62%) of Australia's total water use for irrigation was within the Murray Darling Basin region where there was: Cotton, pastures for grazing and fruit and nut trees used 63% of the water applied in this region: While expenditure on additional water purchased on a temporary basis reached a record high level in 2018-19, volumes purchased were down. Mitigating Droughts and Floods in Agriculture - Policy Lessons and ApproachesOECD Studies on Water. Organisation for Economic, Strengthening policy innovation for water use in agriculture, Green Talks LIVE - Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture, Agriculture and groundwater - feeding billions from the ground up, Turning groundwater into farmers’ underground insurance against climate change, Reforming water policies in agriculture: Lessons from past reforms, Mitigating Droughts and Floods in Agriculture - Policy Lessons and Approaches, See also OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators, Access the OECD.stat database on water-use and quality in OECD countries, Facilitating policy change towards sustainable water use in agriculture, Pathways to policy change on water in agriculture, Agriculture and groundwater- feeding billions from the ground up, OECD Workshop on water information systems. Policy solutions have been identified, but not always applied where needed nor implemented effectively. It looks at recent trends and prospects for water pollution from agriculture and the implications of climate change. Belgium, for example, uses 80% of the water available for industry. Statistics Canada will also use the survey results to report on total water use by sector in Canada. Your information may also be used by Statistics Canada for other statistical and research purposes. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events, notably of droughts and floods to which the agriculture sector is particularly exposed. This study reviews policy approaches to droughts, floods and typhoons in Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam in an effort to identify good practices and strengthen the resilience of the agricultural sector. The per capita water availability that fell by 15% during the first  decade of this century to 1545 cubic meters per person,  will be  below 1400 cubic meters per person this summer. Estimates are presented at Australia, state & territories levels. no. Many farming areas across Australia experienced drought throughout 2019, with New South Wales and Queensland particularly impacted. Nearly half of OECD member countries record that nutrient and pesticide concentrations in surface water and groundwater monitoring sites in agricultural areas exceed national drinking water recommended limits - which brings significant treatment costs for some countries. » Access the OECD.stat database on water-use and quality in OECD countries. The exercise strove to identify what agro-food companies consider as prevalent agricultural water risks and how they have acted against those risks. Aquaculture water use is water associated with raising organisms that live in water—such as finfish and shellfish—for food, restoration, conservation, or sport. Groundwater has provided great benefits to agriculture irrigation in semi-arid OECD countries, but its intensive use beyond recharge in certain regions has depleted resources and generated significant negative environmental externalities. To understand the need for and effectiveness of water-saving mechanisms, it is necessary to understand how much water is in use. The devastating effects of Typhoons “Karen” and “Lawin” pulled down production in the crops and fisheries subsectors. no. 113. Some data, such as trade data, must be purchased (a summary is available from the Department of State Growth), but other data are available for free, and are typically broken down to the state, Statistical Division, and Natural Resource Management (NRM) region levels. Agriculture was the single largest water-consuming industry, accounting for … Water is used in the production process (e.g. Of the additional irrigation water purchased during 2018-19: Australian farms used a total of 8 million megalitres of water taken from various sources including: Impacts of drought are evident in agricultural activity estimates for the 2018-19 reference year across a number of the ABS' agricultural collections, including Water Use on Australian Farms. Annual statistics about agriculture in the United Kingdom to 2018. Policy Notes, OECD Agriculture Policy Note, January 2017, On 20 January 2017, the OECD in collaboration with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) organised an expert panel entitled “. 4627.0) will be available on request from the second half of 2020. The States should improve the recording of area under still water by appropriate modification of land use statistics. Agriculture Agricultural output, Agricultural policy, Fisheries, Sustainable agriculture Development Development resource flows, Official development assistance (ODA) Economy Corporate sector, Foreign direct investment (FDI), GDP and spending, Household accounts, International trade, Leading indicators, National income, Prices, Productivity Worldwide, agriculture accounts for 70% of all water consumption, compared to 20% for industry and 10% for domestic use. Agriculture is expected to face increasing water risks that will impact production, markets, trade and food security - risks that can be mitigated with targeted policy actions on water hotspots. Figure 3-7 Water use in agriculture by source of water (million m3) 1990 - 2014 27 Figure 3-8 Growth rate of water used in agriculture, and GDP (constant prices 2004) 1990-2014 (index base year 1990) 28 Figure 3-9 Water use This report analyses trends in agriculture for the US Southwest region, one of the most water stressed and productive agricultural regions in the world expected to face further water shortages in the future due to climate change and continued growth. The Water … While agricultural productivity growth and policy development have allowed to better cope with these risks and reduce overall impacts on the sector and commodity markets, there is substantial room to improve policy responses and co-ordinate across policy domains, including with respect to water rights and allocation, weather and hydrological information, innovation and education, and insurance and compensation schemes. The People’s Republic of China, India and the United States are identified as countries facing the greatest water risks for agriculture production globally. Increased pressure from urbanisation, industrialisation and climate change will provide agriculture with more competition for water resources and climate change could affect water supply and agriculture through changes in the seasonal timing of rainfall and snow pack melt, as well as higher incidence and severity of floods and droughts. for cooling purposes, for cleaning/washing as well as for employees’ use) and is either provided by a public supplier or self-supplied. Final estimates of the gross value of agricultural commodities that are produced with the assistance of irrigation data will no longer be released in Gross Value of Irrigated Agricultural Production (cat. At a higher level, OECD's work on agriculture and water is also embedded into  the December 2016 OECD Council Recommendation on Water. Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries. The importance of agricultural water withdrawal is highly dependent on both climate and the place of agriculture in the economy. During this time, annual water use by households and industry was between 16,000 and 19,700 GL, and households’ expenditure on distributed water grew from $4.3 billion to $5.3 billion. Managing weather-related disasters in Southeast Asian Agriculture. This report develops the hotspot approach, provides an application at the global scale, and presents a mitigation policy action plan. By 2050, the global water demand of agriculture is estimated to increase by a further 19% due to irrigational needs. Withdrawals for livestock were about the same in 2015 as in 2010. The volume of water used by irrigated agriculture has been estimated to be between 51% and 63% of total water available. Final estimates from the ABS' annual agricultural survey are available each year in this publication (Water Use on Australian Farms) as well as in a number of other ABS publications. Policy options can help mitigate these projected water risks, such as agricultural and urban water efficiency improvements, refined groundwater management, investment in water banks and recycled wastewater systems, and well-defined water transfers. Final estimates of agricultural water use, irrigation water sources and expenditure. Agricultural Water Use in Canada – 2010 Table of contents – continued 7 Total irrigated area by crop type, 2010 25 7-1 Province or region 25 7-2 Drainage region 25 8 Average irrigated area per irrigated farm by crop type, 2010 26 8-1 Blogs, articles and videos based on OECD work on agriculture and water: Reforming water policies in agriculture: Lessons from past reforms OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. Agriculture contracted by 1.11 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016. The discrepancies between the two sources of data namely, Livestock Census and State reports with regard to data on fishermen, fishing craft and gear should be reconciled by adoption of uniform concepts and definitions and review of these statistics at the … This book examines linking policies, farm management and water quality. 8 million megalitres of water was used in agricultural production (down 24% from 2017-18) 7.2 million megalitres of water was applied to crops and pastures (down 26%) 2 million hectares of agricultural land was irrigated (down 15%) 21,900 farms applied water to their land (down 2%) There are 330 million acres of land used for agricultural purposes in the United States that produce an abundance of food and other products (2). The geographical scale and scope of a reform, the dynamic pattern of reform pathways, and compensation for farmers, also contribute to shape the reform’s outcome. China's water use 2018, by type Drinking water: daily per capita consumption in Germany 1990-2018 Water in China: water use per GDP 2003-2013 … On 9 November 2016, the OECD, in partnership with the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands, organised a workshop on Managing water risks for agriculture: a discussion with the private sector, at the OECD headquarters, Paris, with the objective to engage into a public-private discussion on future water risk assessment and innovative responses in the agro-food sector. It also faces the enormous challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050. Furthermore the industrial sector is a major water polluter, as only up to 60 % (value based on data from eight countries… Even if accurate, the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that more than 46% of U.S. land is used for agriculture, making it the largest use of land in the country. This will probably have to be achieved with less water, mainly because of pressure from growing urbanisation, industrialisation and climate change. This book shows the trends and outlook for water use in agriculture, examines the policy experiences of OECD countries in managing their resources - and recommends what countries should be doing and why. More related OECD data, analysis and publications: For questions on OECD work on water use in agriculture, contact the Trade & Agriculture Directorate. The chart below shows the water withdrawal ratios by continent, where the agricultural part varies from more than 80 percent in Africa and Asia to just over 20 percent in Europe. The vast majority of irrigated water use is controlled by regulations and licences. Irrigation Water Use Estimates TWDB is legislatively directed to plan for, and to assist financially, the development and management of the water resources of Texas. Agriculture is by far the largest consumer of the Earth’s available freshwater: 70% of “blue water” withdrawals from watercourses and groundwater are for agricultural usage, three times more than 50 years ago. Unfortunately, we do not hold information on water use. World agriculture faces an enormous challenge over the next 40 years: to produce almost 50% more food up to 2030 and double production by 2050. This release previously used catalogue number 4618.0, Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy, Gross Value of Irrigated Agricultural Production, Water Use on Australian Farms methodology, 2018-19 financial year, 8 million megalitres of water was used in agricultural production (down 24% from 2017-18), 7.2 million megalitres of water was applied to crops and pastures (down 26%), 2 million hectares of agricultural land was irrigated (down 15%), 21,900 farms applied water to their land (down 2%), 1.3 million megalitres for cotton (down 53%), 1 million megalitres for fruit and nuts (up 7%), 882,000 megalitres for sugar cane (down 13%), 1.5 million megalitres for pastures and cereals fed off (down 18%), 454,400 megalitres for pastures and cereals cut for hay (down 5%), 214,900 megalitres for pastures cut for silage (up 11%), 1.1 million hectares of agricultural land irrigated (down 26%), 4.4 million megalitres of water applied (down 35%), 1.2 million megalitres for cotton (down 51%), 803,000 megalitres for pastures and cereals crops used for grazing (down 36%), 769,000 megalitres for fruit and nuts (up 13%), $334 million of extra water was purchased on a temporary basis (up 66% from 2017-18), $104 million was purchased on a permanent basis (up 84%), $266 million was the total cost of annual irrigation charges (up 9%), 1.2 million megalitres of extra water was purchased on a temporary basis (down 30%), 114,000 megalitres of extra water was purchased on a permanent basis (down 7%), 2.7 million megalitres from irrigation channels or pipelines (down 31%), 2 million megalitres from rivers, creeks or lakes (down 33%), 2.3 million megalitres of groundwater (up 6%), 759,600 megalitres from on-farm dams or tanks (down 35%), 115,000 megalitres from recycled or reused water from off-farm sources (down 27%), 49,100 megalitres from town or reticulated mains supply (down 9%). The average agricultural water use for low-income countries is 90 percent; 79 percent for middle income and only 41 percent at high incomes. » Read the policy note summarising the findings of the report, » See also OECD country profiles on policies to manage agricultural groundwater use, ‌‌Climate Change, Water and Agriculture: Towards Resilient Systems‌. In 2018-19, 5 million megalitres were applied to Crops (70% of all water applied): Of the 2.2 million megalitres applied to Pastures (30% of all water applied): Lower than average rainfall and resulting drought in many catchment areas resulted in decreased water available for irrigation. UN-Water, through its web site unwater.org (2011c), summarized how water is used worldwide: 70% of the world’s freshwater is used in agriculture, 22% by industry, and 8% for domestic use. » See also OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators (2013), ‌Water Resources in Agriculture: Outlook and Policy Issues. Sustainable management of water in agriculture is critical to increase agricultural production, ensure water can be shared with other users and maintain the environmental and social benefits of water systems. Drought conditions meant reduced water availability for many Australian farming businesses in 2018-19. This report reviews the main linkages between climate change, water and agriculture as a means to identifying and discussing adaptation strategies for better use and conservation of water resources. 4610.0). Skip to main content Tell us whether you accept cookies We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. agriculture (5 per cent) mining and oil and gas extraction (3 per cent) The report noted that total household water use was down 16 per cent compared with 2005 data. There are however trade-offs between the effects of these factors on the reform’s ambition, effectiveness, efficiency, and flexibility. The analysis shows that exogenous factors and reform design features that may facilitate the adoption of reforms. For more information on the expected economic impacts of the Bushfire and COVID-19, please see the ABS Chief Economist Series paper Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy. Water risk hotspots for agriculture: The case of the southwest United States OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. 4610.0.55.008). The report provides a characterisation of the diversity of groundwater systems, reviews policies in OECD countries, and proposes a package of recommendations to ensure that groundwater can sustain its services to agriculture and contribute to climate change adaptation. Irrigators need an authorised allocation to extract specified amounts of water from rivers or bores (groundwater) or from irrigation supply systems. The ABS is continuing to monitor potential impacts from natural disasters and COVID-19 across its agricultural collections for the 2019-20 reference year and beyond. Water is also of value to other industries, … The researchers developed methods that allowed them to map the area under irrigated agriculture, while also estimating the volume of water used. ISBN 978-92-64-08345-5 51 2010 02 1 P-:HSTCQE=U]XYZZ: Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries. But the competition for water is increasing and the costs of water pollution can be high. Supporting the report Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990, this database features statistics on the impact of agriculture on the quality and use of water in OECD member countries. Farming accounts for around 70% of water used in the world today and also contributes to water pollution from excess nutrients, pesticides and other pollutants. Trends in Water Use and Quality Since 1990 (chapter from Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990) OECD agricultural water use rose by … This New York Times article on agricultural water use in California suggests that we’re shipping 100 billion gallons of water a year to China in the form of alfalfa. In the 2015 Environmental Accounts we included some data on water use and abstraction, relating to 2011. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), © The source of this data was the Department for Environment, Food Here we see large variations geographically and by income level. Outside of meat production, it’s being pointed out that raising crops in California, with its abundant sunshine and lack of water, may not be as good a business model as it was in year’s past. OECD Workshop on water information systems International experts met for an OECD workshop in Zaragoza, Spain in 2010 to discuss how to develop water information systems to support more efficient and effective delivery of sustainable water resource management and policies. Consult the papers, presentations and outcomes of the workshop. It also faces the enormous challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050. The majority of water used on farms was applied to pastures and crops. Indeed, drought and flood risks are likely to become a major policy concern as increasing population will increase the demand for food, feed, fibre, and energy, not to mention the competition for water resources, and urbanisation will increase the demand for flood protection and mitigation, raising the issue of the allocation of flood risks across sectors and areas. Sustainable agriculture Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provides a wide range of datasets, information and reports. It examines projected water risks by mid-century without additional policy action, and discusses the expected implications for the agriculture sector, based on a review of existing data and available publications. Water is a valuable commodity particularly within agriculture, which accounts for around three quarters of total use.

water use in agriculture statistics

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