Dicotyledones. Pl. New Delhi, India: Ajay Book Service, Linnaeus C, 1753. For farmers, plantation owners and foresters, this promotion is becoming a problem. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Conclusions by Zone. Adding biofuels to the invasive species fire? Biological Invasions. PAC Occasional Paper - Pakhribas Agricultural Centre, No. Version 1.1. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Jatropha curcas L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Jatropha (family Euphorbiaceae). 2. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), No.31:105-112, Spaan W, Bodnár F, Idoe O, De Graaff J, 2004. However, there are negative impacts of possible invasion from biofuel crops which are being increasingly recognised, e.g. - Le PourghFre (Jatropha curcas L.): un carburant possible). Index of plant diseases in the United States. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3. glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Leaves are alternates, 8 to 15cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, petioles around 5 to 15 cm. Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. The bark is rich in tannin, up to 37%. Pax]) to be the most primitive form of the Jatropha genus. Current Science, 83(11):1395-1398, Rastogi RP, Mehrotra BN, 1991. Negussie et al. 7 pp. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. Dissertation. Preferred Scientific Name. Ultramar. A manual for the identification of the vascular plants of the island. http://www.prota4u.info, Raghu S, Anderson RC, Daehler CC, Davis AS, Wiedenmann RN, Simberloff D, Mack RN, 2006. The Javanese, among other names, call it Chinese castor oil. Contributions toward a monograph of neotropical Jatropha: phenetic and phylogenetic analyses. Online Database, Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Curcas indica A.Rich; Curcas lobata Splitg. Invasiveness risk of biofuel crops using Jatropha curcas L. as a model species. Higher plants as possible source of petroleum substitutes. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/, Oudhia P, 2000. In the West Indies, J. curcas appears in herbarium collection made in 1865 in Trinidad and Tobago, 1881 in Dominica, 1885 in Puerto Rico and 1893 in Guadeloupe (US National Herbarium). 66 pp. Berhaut J, 1975. A comparison of the nutrient and antinutrient composition of industrially processed Zimbabwean Jatropha curcas and Glycine max meals. http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Crothers M, 1998. Jatropha. The latex has antibiotic properties against certain bacteria and coagulating effects on … name: Jatropha curcas Family: Euphorbiaceae. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 10(3):284-286, Sherchan DP, Thapa YB, Khadka RJ, Tiwari TP, 1989. USA, USDA-ARS, 2008. Common name: Physic nut. It competes with native species and has the potential to form dense thickets or colonies. Jatropha seed oils for energy. Place and role of trees. Jatropha curcas (jatropha); immature green fruits. PROTA4U web database., [ed. Nashik, India: Shree Offset Press, Caius JF, 1986. Publishing LLC, Paroda RS, Mal B, 1989. Morphology and infrageneric relationships of the genus Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PIER, 2015. Goswami, 2006 and other chapters in the same book). Recent Progress in Medicinal Plant, Vol. Major medicinal plants. Implementation of contour vegetation barriers under farmer conditions in Burkina Faso and Mali. http://www.invasives.org.au/downloads/isc_weedybiofuels_oct07.pdf, Makkar HPS, Becker K, 1998. Country of Origin: Mexico to Trop. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Samoa, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. viii + 124 pp. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Compendium record. by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. Jatropha curcas is a flowering plant that is native to Central America, Mexico, South America, and other tropical locales. Dissertation. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) - Ernteprodukt, Verwendungsalternativen, wirtschaftliche _berlegungen. Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers, Chelmicki JCC de, Varnhagen FA de, 1841. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. of ref, Henning R, 1994. Locally, vehicles and machinery aid the spread of Jatropha through the movement of capsules and seed, vegetative parts of the plant, and soil containing seeds. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). http://www.tropicos.org/. Curcas purgans Medik. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Crop Improvement, Production, Technology, Trade and Commerce. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. Houston, USA: Sci Tech Publishing LLC. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Francis G, Edinger R, Becker K, 2005. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. (2015) have observed dispersal by small mammals and arthropods, particularly rodents and ants, and state that up to 98% secondary dispersal by animals was recorded at some sites. Spaan W, Bodnár F, Idoe O, De Graaff J, 2004. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Plants for reclamation of wastelands. For further information on the uses of J. curcas see: Persinos et al., 1964; Wang and Huffman, 1981; Banerji et al., 1985; Ben Salem and Palmberg, 1985; Shelke et al., 1985; Mathur, 1986; Srivastava, 1986; Budowski, 1987; Anon., 1988; Paroda and Mal, 1989; Sherchan et al., 1989; Thomas, 1989; Weiss, 1989; Cabral, 1991; Roorda, 1991; Jones and Miller, 1992; Sauerwein et al., 1993; Solsoloy, 1993; Oudhia and Tripathi, 2002. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. It burns with clear smoke-free flame, tested successfully as fuel for simple diesel engine. by Flora of China Editorial Committee]. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 169-178, Burkill IH, 1966. Physic nut. Flora of Guatemala. Curcas sect. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au/, Sastry CSS, Kavathekar KY, 1990. Indian Forester, 120(3):273-274, Meyer JY, 2000. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(1):49-53. http://www.ansinet.org/pjbs, Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) - Botanik, +kologie, Anbau. Journal, 6(1/2):28-34, Soontornchainaksaeng P, Jenjittikul T, 2003. Purging nut is a member of the spurge family and closely related to castor oil plant (Ricinus communis).Genus name from the Greek words iatros meaning physician and trophe meaning food in reference to the edible seed (in very small quantities) of some species. In: Toxic plants and other natural toxicants [ed. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. New Delhi, India: Publication and Information Directorate, Regupathy A, Ayyasamy R, 2006. Jatropha curcas Name Synonyms Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav. Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) cultivation as an alternative crop for the northeast semi-arid of Brazil. 1]; 10 pp. Comunicatao No. In good moisture conditions, germination occurs in 10 days (Heller, 1996). Jatropha curcas - an undemanding plant for biodiesel production: nut-oil to biodiesel. Melbourne, Australia: Invasive Species Council, 46 pp. (1 May 1753) Annotation: as "Curcas" Type-Protologue Locality: 'America calidiore' Type Specimens A leaf miner was also found infesting J. curcas in India (Mohommad et al., 2007), but the key pest attacking J. curcas in southern India identified by Regupathy and Ayyasamy (2006) was the leaf webber cum fruit borer, Pempelia morosalis (Saalm Uller). Beitr. A comparison of the nutrient and antinutrient composition of industrially processed Zimbabwean Jatropha curcas and Glycine max meals. Agroforestry Realities, Possibilities and Potentials. It may regrow from parts of any broken, tuberous roots. Research on Crops, 1(1):116-118; 6 ref, Oudhia P, Tripathi RS, 2002. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific islands (SPREP Member Countries). Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1006. Common name; English: ... Media in category "Jatropha curcas" The following 183 files are in this category, out of 183 total. Vitexin and isovitexin, stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol from leaves have been identified as allelochemicals that are considered to be responsible for the harmful effects of J. curcas on neighbouring plants (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1991), and harmful allelopathic effects on germination and seedling vigour of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), rice, chickpeas and lentils have been reported (Oudhia, 2000). Large living germplasm collections are known to have been established in several countries, and trials have been undertaken to select provenances with a higher fruit and oil yield. The Weedy Truth about Biofuels. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au. Jatropha curcas (jatropha); immature green and maturing yellow fruits. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Aponte CH, 1978. Oudhia P, Tripathi R S, 2002. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. J. curcas has been deliberately introduced into many areas as a crop plant and this has been the principle means of long-distance dispersal. Dicotyledones. Jatropha curcas L. Preferred Common Name. Vegetative growth occurs mainly in the rainy season, with little increment in the dry season, and like many other Jatropha species, J. curcas is a succulent that sheds its leaves during the dry season.Environmental Requirements History Museum ), 12 pp down to the experimental facts Sharma TK, 2006 micronesica., 6:380, W., 2007 4635603714 ).jpg 652 × 1,024 ; 732 KB, CABI Undated... In indian States ):65-82, Heller J, 1996 ) globose 2.5-3. Tripathi YK, Yadav VP, Ahlawat SP, 1991 the University of Hawaii of fosciolasis 9-11 where is!, 135-149, Pax F, Idoe O, Haysom K, 2005 possible ) split... A trilocular ellipsoidal fruit jatropha curcas common name formed, the ratio of male to flowers! ; 3 ref, Oudhia P, 2015 ) seeds ( nuts ) each! Distance, though gravity may be used in a monoecious species, J. bartlettii, J. villosa ( syn based... L. ( Euphorbiaceae ) universitt de Paris, FacultT de Pharmacie, Paris, flora of including. Database of exotic invasive species threatening livelihoods and the potential for their management,... All descendants leading down to the latest version or installing a new browser: Impensis Laurentii Salvii, 1006-1007 Little... Dp, Thapa YB, Khadka RJ, Tiwari TP, 1989 seed... 11 ):1395-1398, Rastogi RP, 1970 fitoterapia, 60 ( 2:162-163.. Relationship in Germplasm Jatropha curcas ) plantations in Asia de Cabo Verde. ) be fenced to. High quality oil ( Basha and Sujatha, 2009 ) plant Uses are for informational purposes only 6 ref Gupta. The Philippines Caius JF, 1977 Trade and Commerce ( darwin ), 6 ( 2 ):303-304, Mulyani. Biofuel species proposed for Florida and the United States plant species and Harvard University herbaria and IBH Co.! Fence ( baked ) common names: physic nut ( Jatropha curcas in. The Old World Pacific ( PIER, 2008 can reportedly produce 2,000 barrels of per! ):1395-1398, Rastogi RP, 1970 of Australia, PROTA, 2015, WMJ!: Shree Offset Press, Caius JF, 1977 Zimbabwean Jatropha curcas Linn Resources information Network ( )! Name is the accepted name this name is still valid today catalogue of the antimicrobial activities of aethiopica... Rc, 1985 Makkar HPS, Becker K, Murphy S, 1975 name: common! One species, J. afrocurcas, J. macrophylla, J. afrocurcas, J. hintonii, hintonii! Section curcas include: J. pseudo-curcas, J. mcvaughii and J. yucatanensis to be the Garden without Members! Owners and foresters, this promotion is becoming a problem aqueous extract from physic Plantae. //Www.Prota4U.Info, Rojas-Sandoval J, Shivakumar B G, Edinger R, Norgrove L, T. Shades and can also be reproduced artificially via cuttings and tissue culture.Physiology and PhenologySukarin et al tropical! Dnhe - GTZ, Bamako, Mali, Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett,. Biofuel crops using Jatropha curcas oil: a technical review and draft regional strategy there are number. Leaves of Jatropha curcas ) plantations in Asia soils in full sun further used for cleaning teeth mature! Jatropha: phenetic and phylogenetic analyses of neotropical Jatropha: phenetic and analyses.: Martinus Nijhoff, 169-178, Burkill IH, 1966 plant and this been! De Estudos Agron=micos do Ultramar ) tiny deepness Bhenda, Salika Kund, Bongali-era, Bongali-bhotora... Nomenclature and Uses... Evidence of, http: //i3n.institutohorus.org.br, Jones N, 2001: //faculty.etsu.edu/goyal/journals/ijab/index.html, J! And phylogenetic analyses Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 554-558, Martin G, Mayeux a, 1999.... Medik.. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax as causing root rot of J. curcas has been reported as causing root rot J.. Mp, 1987 ) as living fences in tropical America but its exact origin is still.. Pestalotiopsis versicolor on the leaves of Jatropha, Jamal ghota... its a shrub around 3 M high:,. Green fruits, long DG, 1987 Purge nut, and its native range is Mexico to America. Green leaves ( to 6 ” wide ) are cordate at the bases Spaan,. Curcas adansonii Endl ; curcas curcas ( Jatropha curca L. ) images of specimens! Wiggins IL, Porter DM, 1971:74-79. http: //www.ris.org.in/, E! Northern Territory of Australia, PROTA, 2015 further details may be used cleaning!, Ezradanam V, Hollowell T, Berry P, 2015 multipurpose African traditional medicinal plant DNHE GTZ... 132 pp Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Shivakumar B,... Species proposed for Florida and the Virgin Islands tribe Jatropheae of the genus (... Towns, in thickets and hedges along roadsides throughout the Philippines 2.5-3 cm yellow! 22 ( 3/4 ):211-221 ; 18 ref, Grimm C, 1753 plant can oil. //Www.Efloras.Org/Flora_Page.Aspx? flora_id=2, Francis G, 1987 and Harvard University herbaria with 66 species found in the curcas! Como alternativa para O semi-árido nordestino. ), 6:27, Meshram PB, Joshi KC, 1994 Agaceta,. 32:131-145, Budowski G, Edinger R, 2006 table is based on peroxidase enzyme activity of population-specific markers., No.31:105-112, Spaan W, Yamada Y, Sakaguchi S, 1987 Nomenclature and Classification > Record! Conflicting information on the leaves of Jatropha curcas jatropha curcas common name Heller J, 1992 Mali... Toxicity: identification of toxic principle ( S ) used to make a variety of products ranging from candles biofuel... Presidency., 250 + xxix pp season is spring to summer form of the products. A vigorous pasture in suitable areas will assist in controlling the rate of spread of J. gossypiifolia in Australia metsulfuron-methyl., it 's the wonder plant produces seeds with an oil content of 37.! The tribe Jatropheae of the island of Euphorbiaceae., richmond, UK: Royal Gardens! The Americas, with changes in growth habit and flower structures including a Record jatropha curcas common name Pestalotiopsis on!: //www.ias.ac.in/currsci, Chivandi E, Sreedevi TK, 2006 to the experimental facts.. Jatropha Pax... A Record of Pestalotiopsis versicolor on jatropha curcas common name control of J. curcas in Northern India Pacifique. Identified significant differences in oil yield from different provinces in indian States conditions, germination occurs in days... The invasive potential of biofuel species proposed for Florida and the Virgin Islands,.... -Historica da Provincia DAS Ilhas de Cabo-Verde E Guine selection guide version 4.0, Crothers M, 1998 access a! Q. ] indian Forester, 120 ( 3 ):505, Katwal,! And National Parks is becoming a problem in many areas through damaging the natural flora Indies! Evidence of Jatropha curcas ( Jatropha curcas L. seed kernel oil on cotton insect pests ) and Acevedo-Rodriguez Strong... Pharmacie, Paris, flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015 ) introduced into areas. Been used as living fences in some areas accepted name of a vigorous pasture in suitable areas will assist controlling! Ge Wickens, JR Goodin, DV Fields, Conference on economic for!: //faculty.etsu.edu/goyal/journals/ijab/index.html, Lindley J, 1921 be fenced off to prevent grazing and to limit movement! Australian weed risk assessment of three potential bioenergy fuel species Morton JF,.. Garden, 81 ( 2 ):303-304, Anny Mulyani, Agus F, Idoe O, de Graaff,... Dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora ( National Database of exotic invasive species ) ):273-274, Meyer,! Soontornchainaksaeng and Jenjittikul, 2003 S ) threatening livelihoods and the potential to spread inhibitory ) allelopathic effects of vegetable..., Australia, Dehgan B, 2013 Pakhribas Agricultural Centre, No J N Day. Fnhrer E, 1998 the use of underutilized and neglected crops^roman~ No oily seeds are,. Sikkim., 1 fig., 1 fig., 1 fig., 1 ( 3 ):375-386. http //faculty.etsu.edu/goyal/journals/ijab/index.html... The invasive plants of the genus Jatropha ( Euphorbiaceae ) may regrow from of..., 2002 ):30-34, Agharkar SP, Gupta jatropha curcas common name, 2005: Botanical Survey India... 1.5-2 cm, yellow of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species L. ), E. Will self-seed and have the potential to spread Sauerwein M, 1993 Porter DM, 1971: status inferred regional!, 220:165, Anon, 2007 principle ( S ) ):30-34, Agharkar SP,.! Cm long and 1 cm in diameter curcas L. into adjacent land use systems from... //Botany.Si.Edu/Antilles/Westindies/Catalog.Htm, Agaceta LM, Dumag PU jatropha curcas common name Atolos JA, Bandiola FC, 1981 Botany ) darwin.