Historically, this position allowed the rulers of Derbent to control land traffic between the Eurasian Steppe and the Middle East. As a consequence of the Treaty of Gulistan of 1813—between Russian and Persia—Derbent became part of the Russian Empire. The earliest known town wall in Europe is of Solnitsata, built in the 6th or 5th millennium BC. Derbent is the oldest cultural center of Dagestan Republic, the birthplace of its spiritual and material culture, it is where art, art crafts, written language, values of Islam and other world religions spread from. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus. In Russia, Derbent claims this title in the extreme south of the European part near the border with Azerbaijan. A UNESCO World Heritage site in Dagestan partially collapsed after heavy rain. Image of brick, historical, city - 63563734 Photo about Wall in Naryn-Kala fortress. Movses Kagankatvatsi left a graphic description of the sack of Derbent by the hordes of Tong Yabghu of the Western Turkic Khaganate in 627. 564. According to Arab historians, Derbent, with population exceeding 50,000, was the largest city of the 9th century Caucasus. Strategic Importance & Position. Excavations on the eastern side of the Caspian Sea, opposite to Derbent, revealed the Great Wall of Gorgan, the eastern counterpart to the wall and fortifications of Derbent. In the 10th century, with the collapse of the Arab Caliphate, Derbent became the capital of an emirate. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Derbent is renown for its citadel (“Naryn-Kala” or “Dagh Bary” in Persian) and its imposing walls that date from the 6th century CE. Narin Gala/Naryn Kala's Pahlavi Inscription. The city has a well-preserved citadel (Narin-kala), enclosing an area of 4.5 hectares (11 acres), enclosed by strong walls. The modern name is a Persian word (دربند Darband) meaning "closed gates", which came into use in the end of the 5th or the beginning of the 6th century CE, when the city was re-established by Kavadh I of the Sassanid dynasty of Persia. "Walls at Derbent." Магомедов, Шамиль. In 1747, Derbent became the capital of the khanate of the same name. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. It owes its rich history to its strategic position, along the travel route between Europe and the Middle East, on the border of Europe and Asia, where the mountains of the Caucasus almost arrive at the coast leaving a narrow 3-km strip of plain. This image was first published on Flickr. Last modified October 01, 2018. Surprisingly, the Derbent wall - the double wall of the Sassanid times - having survived dozens of wars, was partially preserved. In 1437, it fell under the control of the Shirvanshahs of Azerbaijan. The only other practicable crossing of the Caucasus ridge was over the Darial Gorge. The exact date of foundation of the city is not known for certain, but historians assume that its age is not less than 5 thousand years. Occupied by the Arabs, Persians and later the Imperial Russian empire, the city is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Image of history, building, naryn - 85035005 227-43. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 01 Oct 2018. Sasanian developing of irrigation systems in Mesopotamia further acted as water defense lines, notably the criss-crossing trunk canals in Khuzestan and the northern extension of the Nahrawan Canal, known as the Cut of Khusrau, which made Ctesiphon impregnable in late Sasanian period. This emirate often fought losing wars with the neighboring Christian state of Sarir, allowing Sarir to occasionally manipulate Derbent politics. It is located in Dagestan, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. History Museums in Derbent; Specialty Museums in Derbent; Nature & Parks in Derbent. DERBENT, Russia — Not so many years ago, Derbent buzzed with plans to celebrate its 5,000th anniversary, envisioning the day when it would claim the title of “Russia’s oldest city.” Read more. Derbent's location on a narrow, three-kilometer strip of land in the North Caucasus between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains is strategic in the entire Caucasus region. Derbent has an important strategic location in the Caucasus: the city is situated on a narrow, three-kilometer strip of land between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains.Historically, this position allowed the rulers of Derbent to control land traffic between the … Idem, “Steny i bashni Derbentskoĭ kreposti” (Walls and towers of the Darband fortress), Arkhitekturnoe nasledstvo 17, 1964, pp. The first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BCE; the site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BCE. The gates were a popular subject in medieval travel literature, starting with the Alexander Romance in a version from perhaps the 7th century. Магомедов, Шамиль. With a history going back by five thousand years, Derbent is said to be Russia’s oldest city. Construction of the current citadel, fortified walls, and city walls began c. 570 CE at the request of Shah Khosrow I (531-579 CE) who is widely … Original image by Шамиль Магомедов. The town has a sea port, and a railway station on the line Makhachkala - Baku.It lies on the federal highway M29 (Rostov-na-Donu - Baku).The main attraction - the fortress complex of Derbent. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. During the Persian Expedition of 1796, Derbent was stormed by Russian forces under Valerian Zubov. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The rivers Euphrates, Great Zab, and Little Zab acted as natural defenses for Mesopotamia. In the 14th century, Derbent was occupied by Timur's armies. Archaeological research shows that in such an important strategic place regular settlements existed 6, 000 years ago. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. Amazing history and setting This is an incredible site over 15 centuries old, set right btw the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mtns. Web. Darband's Sasanid Fortress Narin Gala/Naryn Kala. Due to its strategic location, over the course of history, the city changed ownership many times, particularly among the Persian, Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms. A shaort 3D tour of the Derband Wall in Dagestan Russia and the similar factor between the Wall of China and Derband Wall in Dagestan Russia English Channel Link ( … Museums in Derbent. The 20-meter (66 ft) high walls with thirty north-looking towers are believed to belong to the time of Kavadh's son, Khosrau I. Until the 4th century CE, it was part of Caucasian Albania and is traditionally identified with Albana, the capital. 1927), “Only the history of free peoples is worth our attention; the history of men under a despotism is merely a collection of anecdotes.”—Sébastien-Roch Nicolas De Chamfort (1741–1794). Beaches in Derbent ... Derbent: Address, Park of Military Glory Reviews: 4.5/5. Yajooj Majooj will break the wall and come again Gog and Magog people dig every day until when they can almost see the rays of the sun, the one in charge of them says: “Go back and we will dig it tomorrow.” The Derbent Fortifications is one the most popular tourist attractions in the city of Derbent and the Republic of Dagestan. Europe ... but nice. During the 16th century, Derbent was the arena for wars between Turkey and Persia ruled by the Iranian Safavid dynasty. Thank you! The Gates of Alexander was a legendary barrier supposedly built by Alexander the Great in the Caucasus to keep the uncivilized barbarians of the north from invading the land to the south. Hardliner Islamic groups shot tourists in 2015. Derbent prospered for over 1,500 years under Persian, Arab, Turkish, Azeri, Mongol, Timurid, and Russian rule due to its position on the Silk Road and geostrategic importance as the gateway to the Caucasus. The main attraction of the village is Derbent fortress. Idem, Derbent, Moscow, 1958. In 1722, during the Russo-Persian War, Peter the Great of Russia wrested the town from the Persians, but in 1736, the supremacy of Nadir Shah was again recognized. Following the construction of Derbent's fortified walls by Shah Yazdegerd II (r. 438-457 CE), Derbent withstood numerous attacks over the next 300 years by the White Huns, Khazars, and other nomadic tribes that threatened the Persian heartlands. 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derbent wall history

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