Queensland, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Stock. Surface roots of the sweetgum tree damage hardscape features in your landscape, such as sidewalks, driveways and porches. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers, x + 285 pp. Potential for biological control of Melaleuca. A Degree of Fire-Resistance. Melaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree); habit. Loope L, Duever M, Herndon A, Snyder J, Jansen D, 1994. Paper-bark tree alters habitats in Florida. M. quinquenervia is distinctive through characteristics of its foliage and floral spikes. Screening selected myrtaceous tree species for production of essential oils in northern Queensland. ; many ref. Young shoots are densely hairy and therefore silvery in appearance, with hairs 0.25-2 mm long, which are appressed on the leaves and ascending on the twigs (Blake, 1968). Surveys in Australia for potential biological control agents of M. quinquenervia for possible release in Florida, USA have revealed several promising insect species (Center, 1992; Balciunas and Burrows, 1993; Balciunas et al., 1993a, b; Purcell and Balciunas, 1994) and several biological control agents have subsequently been released. Mature leaves are alternate, dull green, stiff, leathery, lanceolate to oblanceolate, 4-9 cm by 2-3.5 cm, with entire margins, and 5 (rarely 3 or 7) prominent parallel veins from base to tip, on a petiole 6-24 mm long. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 41(7):1343-1367. A small to medium-sized tree, commonly 8-12 m tall, but ranging over 4-25 m depending on local growing conditions. In: Boland DJ, ed. Leaf essential oils of Melaleuca and Leptospermum species from tropical Australia. Types (iii) and (iv) are readily distinguished from the others as crushed leaves release a distinctive sweetish floral odour (Weiss, 1997). It had a very high survival rate (96%) and yields could be expected to improve dramatically from the average 100 kg/ha per harvest achieved in trials with further research into selection of seed source, control of insect damage and breeding for genetic improvement. Waihee Ridge Trail, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Ohio State University Extension: Relative Effectiveness of Herbicides Commonly Used to Control, University of Minnesota Extension: Removing Trees and Shrubs, Penn State University: Controlling Weeds in Nursery and Landscape Plantings. form symbiotic mycorrhizal associations between the roots and various fungi. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). It has smooth powdery white, grey or pink bark, which sheds in patches, or spots, giving the tree its name. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Blake.) Melaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree); trunk, on a large mature tree. 1. The white or creamy-white (rarely greenish or reddish) flowers are produced in thick, fluffy spikes. http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html. Spotted Gums Achilles' heel is its susceptivity to frost so it should no be planted in frost hollows. Bultman JD, Beal RH, Huffman JB, Parrish KK, 1983. ISSG, 2010. Spotted Gum Tree Removal - Mudgeeraba. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. They appear to be obligate outcrossers, with over 90% outcrossing in M. alternifolia (Butcher et al., 1992). It grows along streams, fringing tidal estuaries and frequently forms pure stands in freshwater swamps. 1. Currently there do not appear to be any organised selection and breeding programmes for M. quinquenervia. Growth studies on Melaleuca. It is tolerant of shade, and seems to grow more with the oak types than with the maples. Litter accession and accumulation in a Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 23(1):23-28. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/4029. Biological Diversity in Belize. Several other studies have been carried out in Australia on potential control agents, including the tube-dwelling moth, Poliopaschia lithochlora, the gall-forming cecidomyiid midges, Lophodiplosis indentata and Lophyrotoma zonalis. > 10Â°C, Cold average temp. Delnatte and Meyer (2012) report in French Guiana that coastal dry and wet savannas appear vulnerable to invasion by M. quinquenervia, after the species was intentionally introduced for reforestation and as an ornamental. http://www.tropicos.org/. Rapidly expanding host range for Puccinia psidii sensu lato in Australia. Based on the large qualities harvested from native forests Spotted Gum is a well regarded and valued flooring timbers. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 45 m (148 ft) high. Herbivorous insects associated with the paperbark Melaleuca quinquenervia and its allies: III. Triclopyr, imazapyr and glyphosate-based herbicides work best in killing sweetgum trees. 4th ed. Are they going to rip up the yard. Brophy JJ, Doran JC, 1996.