Seoul is also home to the world's largest indoor amusement park, Lotte World. The former is operated by Seoul City Council and sits adjacent to Gyeonghuigung Palace, a Joseon dynasty royal palace. On January 18, 2005, the Seoul government changed its official name in Chinese characters from the historic Hancheng (simplified Chinese: 汉城; traditional Chinese: 漢城; pinyin: Hànchéng) to Shou'er (simplified Chinese: 首尔; traditional Chinese: 首爾; pinyin: Shǒu'ěr). , Seoul is the business and financial hub of South Korea. Yoido Full Gospel Church is a Pentecostal church affiliated with the Assemblies of God on Yeouido in Seoul. Its system dates back to the era of the Korean Empire, when the first streetcar lines were laid and a railroad linking Seoul and Incheon was completed. Each gu is divided into "dong" (동; 洞) or neighbourhoods. The only problem is too many people are gathering on one subway train.  The gu vary greatly in area (from 10 to 47 km2 or 3.9 to 18.1 sq mi) and population (from fewer than 140,000 to 630,000). Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs from west to east through the valley before emptying into the Han River, was for many years covered with concrete, but was recently restored by an urban revival project in 2005.  One estimate of the extensive damage states that after the war, at least 191,000 buildings, 55,000 houses, and 1,000 factories lay in ruins.  The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overall 2025 City Competitiveness" regarding future competitiveness of cities.. Seoul Olympic Park, located in Songpa District and built to host the 1988 Summer Olympics is Seoul's largest park. Seoul Metropolitan Area to Level 2 Effective Nov.24. Seoul has many historical and cultural landmarks. Seoul metropolitan subway line 1 was built during 1971-74 and opened to public on 15 August 1974. People are generally. In this way the Roman Catholic Church has a very strong influence in Korean society. It opened to the public in April 2017. Seoul proper is noted for its population density, which is almost twice that of New York City and eight times greater than Rome. There are nine major subway lines stretching for more than 250 km (155 mi), with one additional line planned. SEOUL, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) -- South Korea will raise its social-distancing rules to the third-highest level for two weeks from Tuesday through Dec. 7 in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the soaring COVID-19 cases in the capital area. Gyeongbokgung, the main royal palace during Joseon Dynasty. This was a 0.24% decrease from the end of 2010. Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, is widely regarded as one of Seoul's largest private museum. Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education comprises 235 College-Preparatory High Schools, 80 Vocational Schools, 377 Middle Schools, and 33 Special Education Schools as of 2009[update]. Seoul (/soʊl/, like soul; Korean: 서울 [sʌ.ul] (listen); lit. Historically, the city was during the Joseon dynasty bounded by the Seoul Fortress Wall, which stretched between the four main mountains in central Seoul: Namsan, Naksan, Bukhansan and Inwangsan. , The War Memorial, one of nine municipal museums in Seoul, offers visitors an educational and emotional experience of various wars in which Korea was involved, including Korean War themes. A nationwide outbreak was being driven by clusters of infections in the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, he said, home to around half of the country's 52 million residents. Also in Gangnam District is the COEX Mall, a large indoor shopping and entertainment complex. The government of each gu handles many of the functions that are handled by city governments in other jurisdictions. Fines for Not Wearing Face Masks Effective Nov. 13, 2020. Seoul is among the world leaders in Internet connectivity, being the capital of South Korea, which has the world's highest fibre-optic broadband penetration and highest global average internet speeds of 26.1 Mbit/s. FAQ Featured Maps More Home. The Gyeongbok Palace, built in the 14th century, served as the royal residence until 1592. As of 2010[update], 25% of the population has a commute time of an hour or longer. , Since the early 1960s, the Ministry of Environment has implemented a range of policies and air pollutant standards to improve and manage air quality for its people. Since its establishment in 1945, the museum has built a collection of 220,000 artifacts. One of the most famous parks is Namsan Park, which offers recreational hiking and views of the downtown Seoul skyline. Other recreation centers include the former Olympic and World Cup stadiums and the City Hall public lawn. North of downtown is Bukhan Mountain, and to the south is the smaller Namsan. With 607 stations, another record of Seoul Metro… The nationwide outbreak was being driven by clusters of infections in the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, he said, home to around half of the country’s 52 million residents. Seoul Metropolitan Subway has 18 lines in operation. Winters are usually cold to freezing with average January high and low temperatures of 1.5 and −5.9 °C (34.7 and 21.4 °F) and are generally much drier than summers, with an average of 24.9 days of snow annually. A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area, labour market area, or similar in a metropolitan area. Seoul, Nov 17 (IANS) South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city. The Wongaksa Pagoda 10 tier pagoda is located In Tapgol Park, a small public park with an area of 19,599 m2 (210,962 sq ft). This APP Helps to save your data while you are in commute. ", After the annexation treaty in 1910, Japan annexed Korea and renamed the city Gyeongseong ("Kyongsong" in Korean and "Keijo" in Japanese). Seoul is home to various specialized schools, including three science high schools, and six foreign language High Schools. It is based on the "Seoul Citizens' Day" held on every October since 1994 to commemorate the 600 years history of Seoul as the capital of the country. Pinterest.  A partnership between researchers in South Korea and the United States is conducting an international air quality field study in Korea (KORUS-AQ) to determine how much each source contributes.  As a result, the annual average PM10 concentrations decreased from 70.0 μg/m3 in 2001 to 44.4 μg/m3 in 2011 and 46 μg/m3 in 2014. The festival is arranged under the Seoul Metropolitan Government. Originally, the city was entirely surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals, thieves and attacks. It was only from this period that Seoul became a larger settlement. The other large palace, Changdeokgung, constructed in 1405, served as the main royal palace from 1611 to 1872. email. 2nd Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan. Works offline, No internet connection required !!  As of 2015, the population was 9.86 million, in 2012, it was 10.44 million. In 2008 the Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index ranked Seoul No.9.  The National Palace Museum of Korea is also located on the grounds of the Gyeongbokgung Palace. , Seoul is first recorded as Wiryeseong, the capital of Baekje (founded in 18 BC) in the northeastern area of modern Seoul. Although it accounts for only 0.6 percent of the nation's land area, 48.3 percent of South Korea's bank deposits were held in Seoul in 2003, and the city generated 23 percent of the country's GDP overall in 2012. In addition, Seoul hosts many embassies of countries it has diplomatic ties with. Seoul was the host city of the 1986 Asian Games and 1988 Summer Olympics as well as one of the venues of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. OPEN COVID-19 Information.  The Gangnam district is one of the most affluent areas in Seoul and is noted for the fashionable and upscale Apgujeong-dong and Cheongdam-dong areas and the COEX Mall. Incheon and Gimpo are linked to Seoul by expressway, and to each other by the AREX to Seoul Station. Insadong is the cultural art market of Seoul, where traditional and modern Korean artworks, such as paintings, sculptures and calligraphy are sold. Both banks of the Han River have cycling paths that run all the way across the city along the river. Full Size English Versions. With 975.4 km (606.1 mi) of tracks, Seoul Metropolitan Subway is the world’s largest subway system. Most major South Korean cities are linked via the KTX high-speed train, which has a normal operation speed of more than 300 km/h (186 mph). This was an 8.84% increase from the end of 2010 and a 12.85% increase from June 2010.  As of June 2011, 186,631 foreigners were Chinese citizens of Korean ancestry.  Students spend six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school. Taekwondo is South Korea's national sport and Seoul is the location of the Kukkiwon, the world headquarters of taekwondo, as well as the World Taekwondo Federation. Population: ~ 10,000,000. In 2017 the Seoullo 7017 Skypark opened, spanning diagonally overtop Seoul Station. Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja (Chinese characters used in the Korean language). Among the city's national museum, The National Museum of Korea is the most representative of museums in not only Seoul but all of South Korea. Being in the extreme east Asia, the climate can be described as humid continental with great variation of the precipitation throughout the year and warm to hot summer (Dwa, by 0 °C isoterm). Considered to be a global city, Seoul was the world's 4th largest metropolitan economy in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. Other notable streets in downtown Seoul include Euljiro, Teheranno, Sejongno, Chungmuro, Yulgongno, and Toegyero. It's neat and easy to use. About Seoul: The Facts: Region: Seoul National Capital Area. For many Korean film lovers from all over the world, the Korean Film Archive is running the Korean Film Museum and Cinematheque KOFA in its main center located in Digital Media City(DMC), Sangam-dong. It is a symbol of Catholicism in Korea. Offline Map of Metro Lines in Seoul Metropolitan Area, up to Date. Seoul has been described as the world's "most wired city", ranked first in technology readiness by PwC's Cities of Opportunity report. In addition, East Seoul Bus Terminal in Gwangjin District and Sangbong Terminal in Jungnang District handles traffics mainly from Gangwon and Chungcheong provinces. Seoul is home to 115 museums, including four national and nine official municipal museums. Taking a ride on subway is a fast, convenient and cheap way to get around in Seoul and reach any area of the city. Seoul Station was opened in 1900 as Gyeongseong Station.  From the 1970s, the size of Seoul administrative area greatly expanded as it annexed a number of towns and villages from several surrounding counties. Adults, youths (13-19) and children (6-12). Its area is about 11,704 km (4,519 sq mi). , Times Square is one of Seoul's largest shopping malls featuring the CGV Starium, the world's largest permanent 35 mm cinema screen.. Songpa has the most people, while Seocho has the largest area. Since the Joseon dynasty adopted Confucianism as its national ideology in the 14th century, the state built many Confucian shrines. There are also many buildings constructed with international styles in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. The most numerous are Presbyterian, but there are also many Methodist and Baptist churches. Temperatures below −20 °C (−4 °F) have been recorded. Areas around streams serve as public places for relaxation and recreation. Cycling is becoming increasingly popular in Seoul and in the entire country. Twitter. Seoul's bus system is operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government (S.M.G. The Joseon dynasty built the "Five Grand Palaces" in Seoul – Changdeokgung, Changgyeonggung, Deoksugung, Gyeongbokgung and Gyeonghuigung – all of which are located in Jongno and Jung Districts. Close COVID-19 information. Seoul is in the northwest of South Korea. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city. Seoul, Nov 17 : South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city. In addition, a flood of refugees had entered Seoul during the war, swelling the population of the city and its metropolitan area to an estimated 1.5 million by 1955. "Korea's policy towards pollution and fine particle: a sense of urgency", "NASA jet gets a sniff of pollution over South Korea", "Regional population density: Asia and Oceania, 2012: Inhabitants per square kilometre, TL3 regions", "Seoul's Population Drops Below 10 Million for First Time in 25 Years", "1.76 million foreigners live in South Korea; 3.4% of population", "Korean Chinese account for nearly 70% of foreigners in Seoul", "South Korean mega-churches. It has a population of 25 million (as of 2017) and is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world. Seoul is within measurable distance of becoming the highest, most interesting and cleanest city in the East. The Olympic Stadium, Olympic Park, and Lotte World are located in Songpa District, on the south side of the Han River, upstream from Gangnam District. The St. Nicholas Cathedral, but sometimes called bald church, is the only Byzantine-style church in Seoul. Incheon International Airport opened terminal 2 on January 18, 2018.  The Seoul international finance center & SIFC MALL, Hanhwa 63 building, the Hanhwa insurance company head office. The Wongudan altar was a sacrificial place where Korean rulers held heavenly rituals since the Three Kingdoms period.  Some shops for local designers have opened in Samcheong-dong, where numerous small art galleries are located.  The nearby Namdaemun Market, named after the Namdaemun Gate, is the oldest continually running market in Seoul..  Hwanghak-dong Flea Market and Janganpyeong Antique Market also offer antique products. Seoul was the capital of various Korean states, including Baekje, Joseon, the Korean Empire, Goryeo (as a secondary capital), and presently South Korea.  Major manufacturers are headquartered in the city, including Samsung, LG, Hyundai, Kia and SK. Seoul is divided into 25 gu (Korean: 구; Hanja: 區) (district). Love seoul metro. , Until 1972, Seoul was claimed by North Korea as its de jure capital, being specified as such in Article 103 of the 1948 North Korean constitution. Service is good. MORE NEWS. Its metropolitan area was the most densely populated among OECD countries in Asia in 2012, and second worldwide after that of Paris. The metro area population of Seoul in 2017 was 9,941,000, a 0.22% increase from 2016. I've never been late for school. Among the other largest parks in the city are Seoul Forest, Dream Forest, Children's Grand Park and Haneul Park. Dongdaemun Design Plaza, designed by the Iraqi-British architect, Zaha Hadid.  Summers are generally hot and humid, with the East Asian monsoon taking place from June until September. We will reduce operation hours of Seoul metro line one to eight in order to prevent the community transmission of the Covid-19 infection.  The Fortress Wall of Seoul was built early in the Joseon dynasty for protection of the city. The subway also has clear signs and detailed maps in English on each station.  In 1904, an American by the name of Angus Hamilton visited the city and said, "The streets of Seoul are magnificent, spacious, clean, admirably made and well-drained. While Itaewon had catered mainly to foreign tourists and American soldiers based in the city, Koreans now comprise the majority of visitors to the area. Each line has its own name and designated color, which makes it easy to use this mode of transportation. . Seoul hosts large concentration of headquarters of International companies and banks, including 15 companies on fortune 500 list such as Samsung, LG and Hyundai. Seoul proper comprises 605.25 km2 (233.69 sq mi), with a radius of approximately 15 km (9 mi), roughly bisected into northern and southern halves by the Han River. , In 1945, the city was officially named Seoul, and was designated as a special city in 1949.  The suburbs of Seoul are generally cooler than the center of Seoul because of the urban heat island effect. For other uses, see, Special city in Seoul Capital, South Korea, Before 1972, Seoul was the "de jure" capital of the, South Korea's economy started to grow rapidly, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, List of diplomatic missions in South Korea, List of twin towns and sister cities in South Korea, "Worldwide Cost of Living 2017 – The Economist Intelligence Unit", Union of International Associations (UIA) International Meetings Statistics for the Year 2011, "MasterCard-Global Destination Cities index", "Chinese Naming Crisis Danger Opportunity Summer 2006 – Good Characters", "Early History of Electrical Engineering in Korea: Edison and First Electric Lighting in the Kingdom of Corea", "Seoul, South Korea Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "Statistical and dynamical characteristics of the urban heat island intensity in Seoul", "Seoul, South Korea - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "South Korea near bottom of world survey of air quality", "South Korea | Environmental Performance Index – Development", "Korea Wrestles with Growing Health Threat from Fined Dust", "Korea's Air Is Dirty, But It's Not All Close-Neighbor China's Fault", "[Feature] South Korea's odor pollution problem". However, for example, the city's financial capital is widely considered to be in Yeouido, while its economic capital is Gangnam District. Seoul Metropolitan Area subway system covers an expansive area, including Line 1 to 9 with additional lines, such as Sinbundang Line, Gyeongchun Line, Gyeongui-Jungang Line, Ever Line, Uisinseol Line, and more, branching throughout the metropolitan area. The Seoul Express Bus Terminal, Central City Terminal and Seoul Nambu Terminal are located in the district of Seocho District. Seoullo Painting in Seoul Metro 1001 Train Seoul Transportation Corporation dba Seoul … , Much of the development was due to trade with foreign countries like France and the United States. The estimated population within the city limits for 2016 is 10.29 million. , The two major religions in Seoul are Christianity and Buddhism. Seoul is home to one of the world's largest Christian congregations, Yoido Full Gospel Church, which has around 830,000 members. 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