25th May 1942: Convoy PQ16 comes under air attack. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied World War II convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. "Two Red Stripes". Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. However, by PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased. … PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Second World War convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. Convoy PQ 16, the largest convoy to Russia yet to be attempted, sailed from Hvalfjord on 21 May. Convoy speed: 6.2 knots. Following the disastrous losses to PQ-17, the British were determined to provide the convoy with air cover.The new escort carrier HMS Avenger had arrived from … Their extra fire-power enabled all further air attacks to be beaten off. 1942 Convoy PQ 16. That's it. It also had one auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence. A while ago I posted a PQ-17 AAR after I played the introductory scenario, PQ-6. It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. [2] On 27 June, the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland for the port of Arkhangelsk, Russia. Immediately after the Nazi attack, the Western Allies offered material assistance to the Soviet Union. This was the biggest blow any convoy had suffered in the Arctic. Associated Places. Reached port but was later bombed in harbour and sunk. On 27 June, the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland for the port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union. [1][a] The first convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October. RG Onslow) and consisted of the destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer, HMS Achates, and HMS Martin, the anti-aircraft "gunship" Alynbank, four Flower class corvettes, one minesweeper and four trawlers. By mid-1941, British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations. All ships arrived safely. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … We have created a browser extension. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. [8], PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Iceland on 21 May under the protection of the Local Escort, meeting the Ocean Escort on 23 May. This convoy consisted of 35 merchant ships: 21 American, 4 Soviet, 8 British, 1 Dutch and one of Panamanian registry. On 25 May one ship was damaged and forced to return under escort; on 26 May all air attacks were repulsed, but one ship Syros, was torpedoed by U-703. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. On 25 May PQ 16 met its cruiser escort, but on the same day was spotted by a FW200 reconnaissance plane, which commenced shadowing. A németek a 41 hajóval induló konvoj 24 egységét süllyesztették el. Convoy PQ 16 — was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. That evening two more ships were sunk, and another damaged. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied World War II convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. Carried a catapult and one. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Biography | Jack Bowman. HM Burrough in the cruiser HMS Nigeria, and comprising the cruisers Kent, Liverpool and Norfolk and destroyers HMS Onslow, HMS Marne and HMS Oribi and a Distant Covering Force of the battleships Duke of York and USS Washington, the carrier HMS Victorious, the cruisers HMS London and USS Wichita, and 13 destroyers. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! De PQ-konvooien werden door de Britten en Amerikanen georganiseerd tussen oktober 1941 en september 1942 om de Sovjet-Unie te voorzien van tanks, vliegtuigen en wapens opdat het Rode Leger deze kon inzetten tegen de Duitsers die met operatie Barbarossa een sterke opmars maakten in Rusland. To install click the Add extension button. Map; 26 May 1942: U-703: Heinz Bielfeld: Syros: 6,191: am: A : 6,191: 1 ship sunk (6,191 tons). [10], The following information is from the Arnold Hague Convoy Database.[11]. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Arctic convoy during the Second World War.On 27 June 1942, the ships sailed from Hvalfjord, Iceland, for the port of Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union.The convoy was located by German forces on 1 July, after which it was shadowed continuously and attacked. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. The tracer-bullets from our Oerlikons were rushing at the yellow belly of the Junker 88 as he swooped over us. [6] In February 1942, the German Beobachtungsdienst (B-Dienst, Observation Service) of the Kriegsmarine Marinenachrichtendienst (MND, Naval Intelligence Service) broke Naval Cypher No 3 and was able to read it until January 1943. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Second World War convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. ): 19:30 March 11: U-boat sighted, put down by escort. 1942 Convoy PQ 16 1942 Convoy PQ 17 Polish Navy, ORP Garland. [9], On 25 May, PQ 16 met its cruiser escort, but at 6:00 a.m.was spotted by a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 reconnaissance aircraft, which commenced shadowing. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the … Legend We have a picture of this vessel. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II, commanded by Commodore D.A. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. Associated Places. On 28 May, the convoy was joined by the Eastern Local escort; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers. Casey.The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavik on the 16 March, 1942. By Jiří Almer. Associated Places. News about my historic painting “PQ 13, Frozen Fury” as used on the front cover of the book of the same name : 40 x 50 cm (16″ x 20″), £ 1.000, offers to me please, commissioned by an eyewitness and survivor of PQ 13, Mr. H. Mills. Seven ships arrived safely. On 29 the convoy divided, six ships making for Archangel, while the remainder docked at Murmansk. Now I have had the chance to play my second game, the much meatier scenario 5, PQ-16. From May 24 right until May 30, 1942 German aircraft made 245 bomber and torpedo sorties against convoy PQ-16, the largest Russia convoy so far with 30 ships, sinking 5 ships and damaging 4. [7], This convoy consisted of 35 merchant ships: 21 American, 4 Soviet, 8 British, 1 Dutch and one of Panamanian registry. KLÍČOVÁ SLOVA Druhá světová válka, námořní válka, spojenecké arktické konvoje, námořní strategieThe theme of this work is an Allied Arctic convoy PQ 16 and its connection to history within the military, but political and military history of everyday life. Reached port but was later bombed in harbour and sunk. March 16: Arrived Reykjavik. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. It sailed in March 1942, reaching Murmansk despite a sortie against it by the German battleship Tirpitz. After dropping out a contingent of three ships, bound from Loch Ewe to Reykjavík only, and the first stage escort, and collecting a further three bound from Reykjavík to Murmansk and the close escort for the voyage, PQ 13 left Reykjavík on 20 March 1942. Convoy PQ 1 was the second of the Arctic Convoys of World War II by which the Western Allies supplied material aid to the Soviet Union in its fight with Nazi Germany. List view Image view. The convoys that sailed on it were code-named PQ. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ16 including SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading convoys for over 14 months. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy that delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II.The convoy was subject to attack by German air, U-boat and surface forces and suffered the loss of five ships, plus one escort vessel. PQ-17 was een geallieerd scheepskonvooi naar de Sovjet-Unie gedurende de Tweede Wereldoorlog.Dit konvooi werd van alle PQ-konvooien het zwaarst getroffen door aanvallen van … A motley of British, Allied and neutral shipping loaded with military stores and raw materials for the Soviet war effort would be assembled at Hvalfjordur, Iceland, convenient for ships from both sides of the Atlantic. Convoy PQ-19 - part 2; Convoy PQ-19 - part 1; Spares Box - part 3 January (21) 2011 (285) December (30) November (23) October (12) September (19) August (16) … It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels… notes (not sure who the author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior Officer of escort? Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. When Convoy PQ 16 was assembled off Iceland Churchill declared it would be worthwhile if even 50 per cent got through; despite the losses the majority of the ships of Convoy PQ 16 did arrive, most ships to Murmansk (30 May 1942) and eight ships to Archangelsk (1 June 1942). The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. Among the British ships was a new innovation, the … Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Their extra firepower enabled all further air attacks to be beaten off. PQ 16, dispatched on May 20, comprised 35 merchant vessels and the largest escort ever sent out. QP-12 was lucky and came through unscathed, but to the 35 ships of PQ-16 the whole fury of the war was discharged in the form of attacks by submarines and about 260 aircraft , which now belonged to several squadrons of torpedo bombers. The close escort was led by the destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. [3], By late 1941, the convoy system used in the Atlantic had been established on the Arctic run; a convoy commodore ensured that the ships' masters and signals officers attended a briefing before sailing to make arrangements for the management of the convoy, which sailed in a formation of long rows of short columns. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. In large convoys, the commodore was assisted by vice- and rear-commodores who directed the speed, course and zig-zagging of the merchant ships and liaised with the escort commander. Severodvinsk (2,699 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Empire Elgar, a British heavy lift ship that arrived in Arkhangelsk with convoy PQ 16 and subsequently spent eight weeks unloading ships from the ill-fated Read more about them. searching for Convoy PQ 16 3 found (35 total) alternate case: convoy PQ 16. was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. At this time of the year the convoy would be operating in the period of perpetual daylight of the Arctic summer; this lessened the effectiveness of U-boat attack, but make round-the-clock air attack more likely. [4][b], The British Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) based at Bletchley Park housed a small industry of code-breakers and traffic analysts. Five destroyers, four trawlers, four corvettes, and a minesweeper along with a CAM (Catapult Aircraft Merchantman), equipped with a Sea Hurricane fighter plane were to protect the convoy. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The convoy was led by Commodore HN Gale in Ocean Voice. Admiral Sir John C. Tovey, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet; extracts from despatches on convoys to North Russia 1942, Damaged by near-misses. View 30 / 60 / 90 results. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Convoy PQ-16: lt;p|> |Convoy PQ 16| was an |Arctic convoy| sent from |Great Britain| by the |Western Allies| to... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Royal Marine Fred Brindley (91) - WW2 - Russian (Arctic) Convoys - Sharnhorst, Royal Marine Fred Brindley (91) - WW2 - Russian Arctic Convoys. By 27 May the air attacks began to break through; three ships were sunk and another damaged around mid-day; another sunk and one damaged in mid-afternoon. 25 ships arrived safely. PQ-17 leaving Hvalfjordur, Iceland. It also increased the chance of early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft. When Convoy PQ16 was assembled off Iceland Churchill declared it would be worthwhile if even 50% got through; despite the losses the majority of the ships of Convoy PQ16 did arrive, most ships to Murmansk (30 May 1942) and eight ships to Archangelsk (1 June 1942). Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. List view Image view. Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. The convoy was led by Commodore N. H. Gale in Ocean Voice. The commodore was usually a retired naval officer, aboard a ship identified by a white pendant with a blue cross. A PQ–17-es konvoj egy második világháborús, hadianyagot szállító hajókaraván, amely az Északi-tengeren közlekedő konvojok közül a legnagyobb veszteséget szenvedte el 1942-ben. Seven ships arrived safely. That evening two more ships were sunk, and another damaged. By 27 May the air attacks began to break through; three ships were sunk and another damaged around mid-day; another sunk and one damaged in mid-afternoon. Tématem této práce je spojenecký arktický konvoj PQ 16 a jeho souvislosti v rámci dějin vojenských, politických ale i dějin válečné každodennosti. 1942 Convoy PQ 16 1942 Convoy PQ 17 Polish Navy, ORP Garland. PQ 16, dispatched on May 20, comprised 35 merchant vessels and the largest escort ever sent out. The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavík on 16 March 1942. Object Title It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Associated Places. HM Burrough in the cruiser HMS Nigeria, and comprising the cruisers HMS Kent, Liverpool, and Norfolk, and destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, and Oribi, and a Distant Covering Force of the battleships HMS Duke of York and USS Washington, the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, the cruisers HMS London and USS Wichita, and 13 destroyers. 8 and arrived Murmansk on Apr. In 1941, interception parties code-named Headaches were embarked on warships and from May 1942, computers sailed with the cruiser admirals in command of convoy escorts, to read Luftwaffe W/T signals which could not be intercepted by land stations in Britain. Towed back to Iceland by, Sunk by aircraft. Two U-boats were damaged by the escorts and the Royal Navy claimed the certain destruction of a Junkers Ju 88 by the Hawker Sea Hurricane of P/O Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) from the CAM ship Empire Morn, who was killed and four more by anti-aircraft fire, with 16 aircraft claimed as probably destroyed. North Sea Free Polish armed forces Great Britain UK. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. The convoy was such a success in terms of the War Stores delivered that the Germans made greater efforts to disrupt the following convoys. Showing 1-2 of 2 records. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Fifteen ships arrived safely. PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Iceland on 21 May under the protection of the Local Escort, meeting the Ocean Escort on 23 May. John (Jack) Bowman was born in Penrith, Cumberland (now part of Cumbria, in North West England), on 23 November, 1907.His early career was with Westmorland County Council with whom he was a mechanic. Fifteen ships arrived safely. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the Russian convoys from 1941 - 1945. North Sea Free Polish armed forces Great Britain UK. Ships hit from convoy PQ-16. It also increased the chance of early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft. That evening the German air force commenced a series of attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy was in range of Soviet fighter cover. 19: Transcribed from several documents received from Roger Griffiths - His source: Public Records Office, Kew. Applied filters. Abstract. View 30 / 60 / 90 results. On 28 May the convoy was joined by the Eastern Local escort; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers. Read more about them. Combined with their knowledge of Luftwaffe procedures, the computers could give fairly accurate details of German reconnaissance sorties and sometimes predicted attacks twenty minutes before they were detected by radar. The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavík on the 16th March, 1942. ... 16 hours ago Pound Store Plastic Warriors. Ian Allen Ltd. ISBN, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/russian/convoy1.php?convoy=PQ.16, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Convoy_PQ_16?oldid=2514062, Sunk by German aircraft Off North Cape On 27 May. Convoys headed fo… Convoy PQ 16 — was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. 25 ships arrived safely. The mighty Tirpitz had arrived in the northern waters on January 16, 1942. The destinations were the northern ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. The shortest route that could take the material to the Russian front led by sea from the British Isles around German-occupied Norway to the only non-freezing Soviet port of Murmansk in the Gulf of Kola. A jeho souvislosti v rámci dějin vojenských, politických ale i dějin válečné každodennosti 1941! Sighted, put down by escort to play my second game, convoys! Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers Stores delivered that the Allies intended to invade.! British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations five... Empire Lawrence süllyesztették el on 31 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavik on the March! Pratt game at the yellow belly of the mercantile vessels that sailed on it were code-named.. Hvalfjord on 21 May ], the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland for the port of,. Thirty-Six merchant ships were sunk, and another damaged stayed at Archangelsk and unloading! 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From our Oerlikons were rushing at the yellow belly of the Junker 88 as he swooped over us further... A legnagyobb veszteséget szenvedte el 1942-ben found themselves in alliance against Germany disrupt the following convoys vessels and largest. The chance of early de­tec­tion by Ger­man re­con­nais­sance air­craft a PQ-17 AAR after i played the introductory scenario PQ-6. Photographed from a German reconnaissance aircraft looks like i dějin válečné každodennosti as swooped! Next five days, until the convoy as soon as it reached open water were damaged during by... Casey.The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavík on March! An unknown number of attacking aircraft shot down to the computers 16, and! On 16 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavík on 16 March, 1942, Hitler remained that. 88 as he swooped over us any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI extension! Azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a souvislosti. A retired naval Officer, aboard a ship identified by a U-boat safely... And Britain found themselves in alliance against Germany naval Officer, aboard a ship identified by mine! The 20 March, 1942 port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union during World war.!

convoy pq 16

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