The journal hieroglyphics are problematized when we acknowledge that one of the film’s most important events—the father’s solitary journey to get the mysterious box—could not have been told by the boys. Tolkien was discovered in a basement in Rotterdam, but the man who found it kept this important reel-to-reel tape hidden away. Demy (1931-1990) dedicated his first film, Lola (1961), to Max Ophuls, and his lyrical camera movements attest to the Ophulsian influence, but he was enraptured even more by the glories of the great American musicals from the 30’s through the 50’s. 4. Jordan Peele's latest is a scarier film than his debut Get Out, and with that comes a more ambitious exploration of the rot in modern American society.. 3] The film’s folkloric elements have previously been pointed out by Mark Lipovetsky and Tatiana Mikhailova in their 2010 KinoKultura review that compares Aleksei Popogrebskii’s How I Ended This Summer with Zviagintsev’s The Return. Leviathan (Russian: Левиафан, Leviafan) is a 2014 Russian drama film directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev, co-written by Zvyagintsev and Oleg Negin, and starring Aleksei Serebryakov, Elena Lyadova, and Vladimir Vdovichenkov.According to Zvyagintsev, the story of Marvin Heemeyer in the United States inspired him and it was adapted into a Russian setting. We’re first introduced to the two brothers indirectly; along with a group of other boys, we see them engaged in an informal initiation ritual-making a dangerous jump off a makeshift tower into the lake below. Since we’ve already seen April’s long losing battle with her turkey, we brace ourselves for the moment when the family realizes that they should have kept the candy. However, the film deconstructs each of these ideological systems, thereby denying their appeal to a transcendental truth. However, in returning to these various mythologies, the film reveals how they are no longer capable of functioning in post-Soviet Russia. Both of these shots are composed according to Mantegna’s painting: the father lies supine, his head slouching over toward his left shoulder; the viewer perceives the figure from the position of his feet, which produces the effect of a foreshortened body. Conjugation of the Russian verb жить/пожить. Andrei Zviagintsev’s The Return examines the arrested transition from Soviet to post-Soviet Russia by deconstructing a number of mythologies that have traditionally been part and parcel of Russian culture. Furthermore, both Mantegna’s painting and Zviagintsev’s film heighten the corporeal nature of the Christ-like figure, emphasizing his genitals beneath the sheet. Zviagintsev himself has stated that “the film is a mythological look at human life,” and that “if you watch this movie from the standpoint of everyday life, it’s a mistake, because it’s much broader, and the mystery of the film won’t reveal itself to you” (Abeel 2004). Zviagintsev himself has stated that “the film is a mythological look at human life,” and that “if you watch this movie from the standpoint of everyday life, it’s a mistake, because it’s much broader, and the … Ivan parallels Ivan the Fool (Ivan durachok) not only because they share the same given name, but also because they are figures that have the most to learn. Russian: associated in some way with Russia. After what seemed to be a Russian victory, the Russian army was ordered to step back as Napoleon had large reserves on the way. Like his folkloric predecessor, Ivan is sent off on an enigmatic journey that, among other things, is a drawn-out initiation ritual, an expedition required to make the transition from boyhood to manhood. Excellent movie! R everso offers you the best tool for learning English, the Russian English dictionary containing commonly used words and expressions, along with thousands of Russian entries and their English translation, added in the dictionary by our users. Back on the road, Joy keeps pulling in at rest stops to throw up in the ladies’ room, after which she springs back into the car to do something zany that shows she still has the old life force. A movie clip featured in the film has extra meaning. In The Return, the journey that Ivan and Andrei undertake is similar to the fairytale quest in many ways: it marks a new phase in their lives, the beginning of a transition; it takes place far away from home, in an unknown area; it includes battles (with the other boys who steal the father’s wallet); it involves tests of endurance (Ivan must wait in the rain when his father leaves him on the bridge to fish); and it entails tests of strength (the boys must help push the car out of the mud; they must also row the boat to the island). The Return has been hailed as a great Russian film. As this mythological journey requires the relinquishing of the old self to make room for the new self, it often includes various battles, a symbolic death and rebirth, and tests of wit, endurance, and strength. We find elements of the folkloric tradition in the film’s characterization of the younger brother Ivan, in the trials and tests that the two brothers must face, and in the journey to a shadowy island to get a mysterious box (which is perhaps a visual quotation from Tarkovsky’s Stalker). But advertising revenue helps support our journalism. It follows that there cannot be a resurrection: one cannot restore to life what ultimately never lived, and the film does not present a final resurrection of the father. Russian blue a breed of cats with short, dense, silver-tipped blue-colored coat and vivid green eyes. Moreover, this is the only scene in all of The Return that is not represented from the boys’ perspective after they have made a pact to keep a journal. Russian rabbit a breed of white domestic rabbit with black extremities. The Russian Animation Youtube channel has English subtitles, so … With Boris Chirkov, Valentina Kibardina, Anatoliy Kuznetsov, Aleksandr Zrazhevsky. Anyone who knows the … The Return of the Russian Leviathan by Sergei Medvedev Wins 2020 Pushkin House Book Prize The Pushkin House Russian Book Prize is a prestigious award was created to encourage public understanding and intelligent debate about the Russian-speaking world. Unfortunately, in a later scene, Hitchcock has the psychiatrist character explain everything that went on in the Bates Motel, a scene that many people profess to hate for its redundancy. Meaning: it, it is, this is, that is, these are. However, this reading of The Return as cinematic representation of the boys’ journal entries is not without its complications. Their words then, do not necessarily match up with reality, but perhaps with a reality they wished had been. Don’t worry, it won’t take long. Contemporary Russians have been adopting foreign names, inspired by movies and music artists. Meaning: sunshine One of the most common affectionate terms in Russian, солнышко is suitable for informal settings such as addressing close friends and loved ones. Because the father’s appearance in the film is framed by visual markers of his death, if he does represent a Christ figure, then he is an ineffective one at that, whose being and sacred texts were dead all along. But if you are the kind of person who likes to think about existentialism and finds a normal At a very basic level, The Return is the cinematic chronicle of the boys’ chronicling, the visual representations of their written words. I was drawn into the main characters. RETURN ON MEANING Rendite auf Sinnhaftigkeit. I recall audiences roaring with unfriendly laughter when an “Esso” sign popped up amid the delicate pastels of the set design, even though Nino Castelnuovo’s Guy, the lover of Catherine Deneuve’s Geneviève, worked in a gas station. For a detailed explanation as to why it is bad and for the solution to the problem, see "The Safe Bool Idiom." The Return ( 2003) The Return. The triumph in Venice — the first for a debut Russian film since Tarkovsky won the Golden Lion in 1962 — also compelled the Russians to applaud Zvyagintsev, who is … Here, I analyze The Return’s use of folkloric, Christian, and journal hieroglyphics, and reveal how they are deconstructed by the film’s end. PRINCE SET FOR UK RETURN TO NEGOCIATE MEGXIT HARRY and Meghan are brokering an extension to the 12-month Megxit deal – and the prince plans to return here in the New Year to seal it. However, the boys ultimately fail a number of these tests (they refuse to fight the other boys; it is the father who gets the branches under the tire and pushes the car out of the mud), and moreover, if there is a transition in the film from boyhood to adulthood, it only takes place in Andrei and not in Ivan; if anything, Ivan is recreated into an obedient child by the end of the film. Soon it was added to the repertory of a folk choral group. One African-American neighbor gives her attitude about the unfair advantages enjoyed by white people; a family of Asians don’t speak English; and, finally, a nerdy neighbor with a little dog in his arms offers to lend April his new stove, then locks her out when she doesn’t respond warmly to his tentative advances. Third, perhaps the film places the visual image in a dominant position over the written word, thereby indicating that post-Soviet culture is a largely visual one. "The Return," directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev and written by Vladimir Moiseenko and Alexander Novototsky, does not conceal information from the audience, which would be a technique of manipulation, but from the boys, which is a technique of drama. The story has been transplanted to modern-day Helsinki, Finland . Add to that April’s younger sister, Beth (Alison Pill), intensely who hates her sister; her brother, Tommy (John Gallagher Jr.), who’s casually indifferent; and her Grandma Dottie (Alice Drummond), who’s going ga-ga from Alzheimer’s. Us follows the Wilson family - Adelaide (Lupita Nyong'o), Gabe (Winston Duke), Zora (Shahadi Wright Joseph) and Jason (Evan Alex) - on vacation to … Nowadays, it seems that young audiences prefer to be mystified by movies rather than having everything neatly explained. As the master of keeping his audience on edge, Hitchcock played on his viewers’ involuntary greed by ignoring the fate of the sunken cash. The rest of the film is taken up with this fateful journey, which only deepens the mystery surrounding the man: What’s he been doing for 12 years? Abeel, Erica, 2000, “Return of the Prodigal Father; Andrey Zvyagintsev Talks About The Return.” indieWIRE. Learn more. The Return is a film about a plurality of returns. George Clooney isn't the only thing making a long-awaited return to the silver screen in The Midnight Sky. Beautiful and brilliant but also bloody baffling, cult Russian film The Return is a masterpiece that leaves audiences wondering what the hell just happened. The latest drama from Andrey Zvyagintsev, the acclaimed director of The Return (Venice Film Festival Golden Lion winner and Golden Globe nominee). As the movie’s name suggests, Prometheus is also filled with mythological references and symbolism that give the movie an underlying esoteric meaning. Feel free to leave comments and write your opinion. Once you're done with the Russian Phrases, you might want to check the rest of our Russian lessons here: Learn Russian.Don't forget to bookmark this page. The Burns family drives up to the graffiti-strewn façade of April’s building, and they’re shocked. Thus, the first and last shots of the father are structurally informed by a painting of a dead and fleshy Christ, which intimates that the father is doubly deceased: he is at least symbolically dead at the beginning of the film, and corporeally dead by the end. And after discovering that April’s turkey is a bust, they drive away in confusion to a restaurant for their holiday meal. In another interview, Zviagintsev discussed his desire to turn text into images in The Return, and the importance of the visual over the written medium: “We were originally going to show a lot of text from the diary on-screen, but I think that can be a sign of a lack of imagination. "Kalinka" (Russian: Калинка) is a Russian song written in 1860 by the composer and folklorist Ivan Larionov and first performed in Saratov as part of a theatrical entertainment that he had composed. Please forgive me, for a moment, for searching into the subtext lurking beneath this brilliantly acted and photographed, yet strangely frustrating fable. Much like journal entries, a label that designates the day that the subsequent events occurred punctuates the beginning of each of the film’s seven segments. And that’s something in these dismal times. Once a movie is selected, you are redirected to YouTube or another free video service. Among these Christian hieroglyphics that undergo a sort of Derridian différance, and thereby complicate the pure reading of the film as a parable of Christ’s resurrection, are the shots in which the father’s posturing is purposely positioned to imitate the dead Christ that is depicted in Andrea Mantegna’s painting, The Lamentation Over the Dead Christ (c. 1480). Whereas on the mainland the father’s word is largely impotent, on the island his words are spoken and become reality: that is, the signified is matched up with the signifier. We get it: you like to have control of your own internet experience. The spectacular new Netflix series is packed with twists and clues that help demystify its true meaning. As for Bobby, he spends his time dashing around town in a motor scooter on ill-defined errands before getting beaten up by April’s white ex-boyfriend, who’s changed his name to Tyrone to better bond with his multiracial buddies (some of these off-the-wall conceits seem to come directly from MTV without passing “Go”). The following list includes 50 of the most popular Russian first names, their Russian spellings, shortened variations, and meanings. Russian filmmaker Alexander Sokurov broke boundaries with his dreamlike vision of the Hermitage in St. Petersburg, Russian Ark. Phrases and daily expressions have a very important role in Russian. Mr. Zvyagintsev himself described his intentions in The Return in the following cryptic press statement: ” … I did not see the story as an every-day tale or a social one. English translation: to live. Vozvrashchenie (original title) Not Rated | 1h 50min | Drama | 25 June 2003 (Russia) In the Russian wilderness, two brothers face a range of new, conflicting emotions when their father - a man they know only through a single photograph - resurfaces. Movie details "The eye of the enemy is moving.". As for the proposed fishing trip, the father ditches that plan, instead taking the boys on an ominous expedition to a deserted island-an expedition seemingly prepared long in advance. Boym, Svetlana, 1995, “From the Russian Soul to Post-Communist Nostalgia,” Representations 49 (Special Issue: Identifying Histories: Eastern Europe Before and After 1989): 133-166. Every review of "Russian Ark" begins by discussing its method. Click the AdBlock Plus button on your browser and select Enabled on this site. Having introduced us to two different segments of hell, Mr. Hedges alternates between squabbling scenes. 1] From “Review of The Return from bbc.co.uk/movies.” December, 2004. Condee, Nancy, “Introduction,” Soviet Hieroglyphics: Visual Culture in Late Twentieth-Century Russia, Nancy Condee (ed), Bloomington: Indiana University Press: 1995, vii-xxiii. Directed by Grigoriy Kozintsev, Leonid Trauberg. (sdRASTvooy Not that they need any excuses-April’s mother, Joy (Ms. Clarkson), is slowly dying from cancer, and her hapless husband, Jim (Oliver Platt), is at his wits’ end trying to keep the family in a holiday mood. [4] These Christian hieroglyphics suggest that the film may be read as a religious allegory; however, such a reading is problematized by the film’s end. Click the AdBlock Plus button on your browser and select Disable on Observer.com. English translation: to sing. But on a number of symbolic planes, we have the return to Christianity, and the return to folklore—both mythological systems that have shaped and molded Russian culture in the past, and, as the film reveals, continue to influence Russian culture in the post-Soviet present. It is in this way that the folkloric hieroglyphics of the film are deconstructed: yes, the magical object is present, but it is lost, and thus rendered ineffective; yes, the boys endure a long and trying quest, but their transition from boyhood to manhood is stunted, especially in the supposed hero Ivan. As we plunge deeper and deeper into this Oedipal quagmire, we find ourselves in an ever more threatening and primitive environment; though much of the action was shot outside of Moscow, the bleakly underpopulated landscape has the look and feel of Siberia, the director’s birthplace. [2] In a similar vein, The Return utilizes folkloric rituals to create a narrative which not only restores the rites of initiation that form the mythological basis of the Russian fairytale plot, but which also deconstructs Soviet culture’s use of folklore as a tool of social integration.[3]. Some of Joy’s outbursts are darkly funny, but the whole movie is longer on calculating sourness than on psychologically organic wit. The Russian news agency Interfax reported in August that Batu Khasikov, a member of the culture committee at the upper chamber of the nation’s federal assembly, had stated that “movies … This film was on general release in Russia, no one hindered its distribution and it is indeed a sign that it’s hard to pull back entirely, to get back to the past when films were shelved and banned. (It’s interesting to note that the director parallels this with a similar tower scene near the end of the film, with its decisively violent climax.). Aragorn is revealed as the heir to the ancient kings as he, Gandalf and the other members of the broken fellowship struggle to save Gondor from Sauron's forces. Moreover, his image is erased by the film’s final photographs, which do not contain a single image of the father from this recent journal. Partly because of this, folkloric narratives and archetypes were undeniable utilized by Soviet culture as vessels in which disseminate and integrate party ideology. The father was such a mystery and the 2 sons were so confused Furthermore, it is significant that the father is not depicted in any of the recent photographs displayed at the end of the film, which suggests a number of interesting readings. Moreover, because the boys take turns keeping the journal, the film pivots back and forth between their two perspectives. The next day, Vanya gets into a fight with the other boys and runs home just ahead of his pursuing brother. Strukov, Vlad,  2007, “The Return of Gods: Andrei Zviagintsev’s Vozvrashchenie (The Return),” SEEJ, 51.2 (2007): 331-356. Meanwhile, deep in the heart of suburbia, the rest of the Burns family is trying to find an excuse not to go to April’s dinner. A folk choral group scene exists, the validity of the quest in.. 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