[10] The social network dynamics of spotted hyenas are determined by multiple factors. But he is really thinking about his next meal and what creature he will kill to get it. There are 271 laugh hyena-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being titter, giggle, chuckle, guffaw and yuk.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. Though still poisoned and trapped in retaliation against livestock depredations, the species is otherwise tolerated. Dens are used mostly by several females at once, and it is not uncommon to see up to 20 cubs at a single site. What does laughing hyena mean? They are vulnerable to Trypanosoma congolense, which is contracted by consuming already infected herbivores, rather than through direct infection from tsetse flies. [7] European Paleolithic rock art depicting the species indicates that the Eurasian populations retained the spots of their modern-day African counterparts. Spotted hyenas prefer prey with a body mass range of 56–182 kg (123–401 lb), with a mode of 102 kg (225 lb). Life is unpredictable, and when the Tiger wakes and strikes the results are swift, sure and generally not pleasant. During a hunt, spotted hyenas often run through ungulate herds in order to select an individual to attack. Original lyrics of If I'm Still Broke By Christmas song by Prince Daddy & The Hyena. Lactating female spotted hyenas are said to be milked by their owners every night to make hyena butter, and are further used as mounts. In Tanzania's Selous Game Reserve, spotted hyenas primarily prey on wildebeest, followed by buffalo, zebra, impala, giraffe, reedbuck and kongoni. Some research groups (such as Ngorongoro Crater Hyena Project[50] and MSU Hyena Project[51]) often use the spot patterns to help identify individual hyenas). Recent observations shows that African rock pythons can hunt adult spotted hyenas. ?Do you adjust area view and button view match with wide screen?in OS-project editor has only stardard moni [93] During a chase, zebras typically move in tight bunches, with the hyenas pursuing behind in a crescent formation. [119], Although cheetahs and leopards preferentially prey on smaller animals than those hunted by spotted hyenas, hyenas will steal their kills when the opportunity presents itself. [161], Although attacks against living humans are rare, the spotted hyena readily feeds on human corpses. The baby girl’s smile was the sun on dark days. https://www.definitions.net/definition/laughing+hyena. [19], The author of the Physiologus, who infused pagan tales with the spirit of Christian moral and mystical teaching, reactivated the myth that the hyena is a hermaphrodite. The ear is typical of the spotted hyena, as it is rounded. [81] Spotted hyenas reach sexual maturity at the age of three years. It is typical for females to remain with their natal clan (although there have been rare instance of them dispersing[62]), thus large clans usually contain several matrilines, whereas males typically disperse from their natal clan at the age of 2½ years. HYENAS There are 4 species of hyena: - Aardwolf hyena - eats only termites - Brown hyena - Spotted hyena - Striped hyena. [83], The clan's social life revolves around a communal den. Chases are usually relatively slow, with an average speed of 15–30 km/h. [11], The spotted hyena is the most social of the Carnivora in that it has the largest group sizes and most complex social behaviours. If you want to hold this word 'Smile' for your lovely kid, please proceed to collection and choose any of the alternative in the list given below: The second migration of spotted hyenas occurred less than 1.3–1.5 million years ago and resulted in the first arrival of hyenas in Europe and a separation of African spotted hyenas into a southern and a northern population. This name has all the qualities of being a multicultural name. [150] In the Mtwara Region of Tanzania, it is believed that a child born at night while a hyena is crying will likely grow up to be a thief. Faeces are usually deposited 20 metres (66 feet) away from the den, though they urinate wherever they happen to be. The author compared the species to "double-minded men" who are neither "man nor woman, that is, neither faithful nor unfaithful". In Dorze tradition, the highest Demuṣa-priests have the ability to control hyenas, and will send them to punish defaulting debtors. [149], During the early years of Dutch colonisation in southern Africa, hyenas (referred to as "wolves" by the colonists) were especially susceptible to trapping, as their predilection for eating carrion, and lack of caution about enclosed spaces, worked against them. Like the fast whoop, but with less tendency to attack. The phrase, “Don’t wake a sleeping tiger,” sums up the darker side of this creature. [63] Clans mark their territories by either pasting or pawing in special latrines located on clan range boundaries. They react to alighting vultures more readily than other African carnivores, and are more likely to stay in the vicinity of lion kills or human settlements.[97]. What does the metaphor mean above? Similar interactions have been recorded between spotted and striped hyenas in the Serengeti. [38] The spotted hyena has a proportionately large heart, constituting close to 1% of its body weight, thus giving it great endurance in long chases. Pliny the Elder supported Aristotle's depiction, though he further elaborated that the hyena can imitate human voices. Trichinella spiralis are found as cysts in hyena muscles. [18], The relative scarcity of hyena depictions in Paleolithic rock art has been theorised to be due to the animal's lower rank in the animal worship hierarchy; the spotted hyena's appearance was likely unappealing to Ice Age hunters, and it was not sought after as prey. When a high tendency to flee an attacker is apparent, the tail is curled below the belly. [69] In the final stages of pregnancy, dominant females provide their developing offspring with higher androgen levels than lower-ranking mothers do. Before and during an assertive attack, the head is held high with the ears cocked, mouth closed, mane erect and the hindquarters high. The gaze is relaxed and the smile is intended to convey joy and pleasure. [43] The jaws of the spotted hyena outmatch those of the brown bear in bonecrushing ability,[44] and free ranging hyenas have been observed to crack open the long bones of giraffes measuring 7 cm in diameter. Gilbert, W. Henry; Asfaw, Berhane (2008). This chamber measures up to 2 metres (6.6 feet) in width, the height being rather less. The species is known to carry at least three cestode species of the genus Taenia, none of which are harmful to humans. Older females show a similar preference, with the addition of preferring males with whom they have had long and friendly prior relationships. [87] Spotted hyenas seem to plan on hunting specific species in advance; hyenas have been observed to engage in activities such as scent marking before setting off to hunt zebras, a behaviour which does not occur when they target other prey species. [162] Attacks occur most commonly in September, when many people sleep outdoors, and bush fires make the hunting of wild game difficult for hyenas. Create good names for games, profiles, brands or social networks. Daniell, Samuele; Barrow, Sir John; Somerville, William (1820), "Were the Late Pleistocene climatic changes responsible for the disappearance of the European spotted hyena populations? Fuli: "(In trance) Wait for me, Azaad. When approaching wild dogs at a kill, solitary hyenas will approach cautiously and attempt to take off with a piece of meat unnoticed, though they may be mobbed by the dogs in the attempt. Exposure to rabies does not cause clinical symptoms or affect individual survival or longevity. The Egyptian Saint abba (Father) Matewos of Asfoni was associated with hyenas; one fable tells of how he rescued a cub trapped in a pit, and had his feet licked in gratitude by its mother. It has a broad, line-like mouth that evokes a smile. [175] Nevertheless, the spotted hyena was historically scantily represented in zoos, and was typically obtained in order to fill empty cages until a more prestigious species could be obtained. spotted hyena, laughing hyena, Crocuta crocuta(noun), African hyena noted for its distinctive howl. [63] Spotted hyena dens can have more than a dozen entrances, and are mostly located on flat ground. Each foot has four digits, which are webbed and armed with short, stout and blunt claws. [69] Like many feliform species, the spotted hyena is promiscuous, and no enduring pair bonds are formed. Hiob Ludolf, in his Historia aethiopica, was the first to clearly distinguish the Crocuta from Hyaena on account of physical, as well as geographical grounds, though he never had any first hand experience of the species, having gotten his accounts from an Ethiopian intermediary. In 2013, a baby boy was killed by hyenas after being snatched from his mother as she camped near the Hilton Hotel. Alfred Brehm wrote that the spotted hyena is harder to tame than the striped hyena, and that performing specimens in circuses were not up to standard. In the Gelede cult of the Yoruba people of Benin and Southwest Nigeria, a spotted hyena mask is used at dawn to signal the end of the èfè ceremony. It was gradually realised that all of this variation could be applied to individual differences in a single subspecies. [37] Both sexes have a pair of anal glands which open into the rectum just inside the anal opening. [5] In Western Europe at least, the spotted hyena's extinction coincided with a decline in grasslands 12,500 years ago. In some cases, the extent of dietary overlap can be as high as 68.8%. [13] A study done by evolutionary anthropologists demonstrated that spotted hyenas outperform chimpanzees on cooperative problem-solving tests; captive pairs of spotted hyenas were challenged to tug two ropes in unison to earn a food reward, successfully cooperating and learning the maneuvers quickly without prior training. Crocuta was finally recognised as a separate genus from Hyaena in 1828. Androgens and masculinization of genitalia in the spotted hyaena. [126], Though they readily take to water to catch and store prey, spotted hyenas will avoid crocodile-infested waters,[127] and usually keep a safe distance from Nile crocodiles. Although considered useful scavengers and are afforded legal protection in national parks, spotted hyenas are not tolerated elsewhere. This is particularly apparent in same sexed litters, and can result in the death of the weaker cub. [1] The species is, however, experiencing declines outside of protected areas due to habitat loss and poaching. While some clans may use particular den sites for years, others may use several different dens within a year or several den sites simultaneously. The loud "who-oop" call, along with the maniacal laughter, are among the most recognisable sounds of Africa. An image on a cave in Ariège shows an incompletely outlined and deeply engraved figure, representing a part of an elongated neck, smoothly passing into part of the animal's forelimb on the proximal side. [172] In the Cape Colony, spotted hyenas were often hunted by tracking them to their dens and shooting them as they escaped. [14] Another theory is that it is an adaptation to the length of time it takes for cubs to develop their massive skulls and jaws, thus necessitating greater attention and dominating behaviours from females. He further described how the hyena uses retching noises to attract dogs. [30] This stance was contested by Ficarelli and Torre, who referred to evidence of the spotted hyena's presence from African deposists dating from the early Pleistocene, a similar age to the Asian C. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! Its range once encompassed almost all of Africa and Eurasia, and displayed a large degree of morphological geographic variation, which led to an equally extensive set of specific and subspecific epithets. Jul 21, 2017 - Hyena Costume Design . Harvey, Martin and Mills, M. G. L. (October 2001) "Spotted Hyaena versus Brown Hyaena, Skirmishes in the Desert". It is the only mammalian species to lack an external vaginal opening having a pseudo-penis instead. [92] Zebras require different hunting methods to those used for wildebeest, due to their habit of running in tight groups and aggressive defence from stallions. In Chobe, the spotted hyena's primary prey consists of migratory zebra and resident impala. Meaning: to make a person smile or to make a person happy. [78] During parturition, the clitoris ruptures in order to facilitate the passage of the young, and may take weeks to heal. [37] Exceptionally large weights of 81.7 kg (180 lb)[9] and 90 kg (198 lb)[27] are known. [3] Confusion still persisted over the exact taxonomic nature of the hyena family in general, with most European travelers in Ethiopia referring to hyenas as "wolves". [66][67], Territory size is highly variable, ranging from less than 40 km2 in the Ngorongoro Crater to over 1,000 km2 in the Kalahari. [95] Kruuk found Solomon's company so congenial, he would have kept him, but Solomon had an insatiable taste for "cheese in the bar of the tourist lounge and bacon off the Chief Park Warden's breakfast table", and no door could hold him back, so Solomon was obliged to live out his days in the Edinburgh Zoo. [95] One of the earliest studies to demonstrate their hunting abilities was done by Hans Kruuk, an African wildlife ecologist, and he showed through a 7-year study of hyena populations in Africa that spotted hyenas hunt as much as lions, and with later studies this has been shown to be the average in all areas of Africa. The two species typically encounter each other on carcasses, which the larger spotted species usually appropriate. How to say laughing hyena in sign language? STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Nigerian spotted hyenas are on the verge of extinction, due to lack of legal protection outside of national parks and reserves, declines in prey populations and persecution in retaliation to livestock predation. This sound can be heard more than 5 km away. In Uganda, it is thought that the species primarily preys on birds and reptiles, while in Zambia it is considered a scavenger. [129], Spotted hyenas have a complex set of postures in communication. [54] Both partners usually lick their genitals for several minutes after mating. The paw-pads are broad and very flat, with the whole undersurface of the foot around them being naked. Photo: Arno & Louise We’ve all heard this funny bit of trivia in zoology class, from TV shows featuring Africa’s animals, or maybe even from Batman cartoons where the Joker pokes around with his two pet hyenas, mocking superheroes every chance they get. In 1939, biologist L Harrison Matthews demonstrated through comparisons between a large selection of spotted hyena skulls from Tanzania that all the variation seen in the then recognised subspecies could also be found in a single population, with the only set of characters standing out being pelage (which is subject to a high degree of individual variation) and size (which is subject to Bergmann's Rule). These "werehyenas" are executed when discovered, but do not revert to their human form when killed. [87], When chased by hunting dogs, spotted hyenas often attack back, unless the dogs are of exceptionally large, powerful breeds. Kurtén, Björn (1988) On evolution and fossil mammals, Columbia University Press, pp. Can travel for large distances. Although wild dog packs can easily repel solitary hyenas, on the whole, the relationship between the two species is a one sided benefit for the hyenas,[124] with wild dog densities being negatively correlated with high hyena populations. A soft, very low pitched growling sound which lasts several seconds. The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta); so called because of the resemblance of its call to laughter. Because of their size, adult hyenas are incapable of using the full extent of their burrows, as most tunnels are dug by cubs or smaller animals. Sir Walter Raleigh, in an attempt to rationalise how Noah's Ark could have fitted all extant species of animal, wrote that hyenas were hybrids between foxes and wolves which originated after the Great Flood. In contrast to the striped hyena, the ears of the spotted hyena are rounded rather than pointed. Once selected, their prey is chased over a long distance, often several kilometres, at speeds of up to 60 km/h. [139], Historically, the spotted hyena was widespread throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. [96] However spotted hyenas remain being mislabeled as scavengers, often even by ecologists and wildlife documentary channels. [18], In Africa, the spotted hyena is usually portrayed as an abnormal and ambivalent animal, considered to be sly, brutish, necrophagous and dangerous. Additionally, he wrote how the hyena was held in high regard among the Magi, and that hyena body parts could cure different diseases, give protection and stimulate sexual desire in people. 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