When Unzen stirs again, activity forecasts will be more accurate thanks to data obtained from Decade Volcano studies and other research. The Decade Volcanoes are 16 volcanoes identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of particular study in light of their history of large, destructive eruptions and proximity to populated areas. Population at risk: 2.6 million. We’ll just have to stay tuned and see what happens next. Access Montserratfor an on-going hazards mitigation drama._______________________________________________________________________ The New Decade Volcano Program No. At the moment, this gorgeous tropical stratovolcano is once more behaving like one of the Daily Planet’s mild-mannered reporters. Last known eruption: 1909. Lava and occasional hydrothermal blasts like this are the chief hazards at Etna. Ulawun is one of Papua New Guinea’s most active volcanoes. Last known eruption: 1944. After being dormant for several hundred years, Mount Unzen violently erupted again in 1991, killing 43 people (three of whom were volcanologists). They have identified at least four caldera-forming events over the last 180,000 years. However, Sicily is heavily dependent on Etna tourism as well as on agricultural products grown on the volcano, so any increased activity would also have bad economic effects. All the fun you can have during quiet spells! This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 License. Etna is a UNESCO site and has one of the longest historical eruption records of any active volcano, going back some 3,500 years. When the United Nations made the 1990s its International Decade of Natural Hazard Reduction, volcanologists decided to focus on 16 volcanoes — two each from the US, Japan, and Italy; one each from 10 other countries. Last known eruption: 2019. Vesuvius, Italy. Lava is the main hazard here, although Mauna Loa also has had some flank collapses in the very distant past. Project achievement: Since the eruption at Mount Unzen happened shortly before it was chosen as a Decade Volcano, and it posed some difficulties for the program. Hazards include debris flows, large eruptions with heavy ash fall, and pyroclastic flows. Background: Since 1882, Mount Nyiragongo has erupted at least 34 times. Population at risk: A quarter of Sicily’s entire population lives on Etna’s slopes. Project achievement: Because of the Decade Volcano project, a modern network of telemetered seismometers, thermometers, tide gauges, and CO2 flux instruments were established. Background: Probably the most popular volcano on the list, Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption during 79 AD that led to the destruction and burying of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The volcano’s eruption in 1902 was one of the three largest eruptions of the 20th century after the 1912 Mount Novarupta and 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruptions. Perhaps the Decade Volcano selection committee went with Sakurajima instead because this dangerous volcano isn’t as well known. While it has a low VEI (ranging from 1-3 on the scale, depending on the eruption), it is still destructive and those living near its flow area should pay attention to warnings and evacuate if necessary. The volcano has been designated as a Decade Volcano in 1996 in light of its proximity to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. I have written about them before; a few have been volcano of the week, think I also did a feature in the zine but I can't remember all the crap I put in there. Shishaldin is a classic volcanic cone. That dome complex has existed since 1929, when Santa Maria ended 27 years of violent eruptions that killed over 7,000 people. Photograph by J. Baylor Roberts, National Geographic. Last known eruption: 1984. It has been intensively monitored by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory since 1912. Many volcanoes around the world have been targeted for hazards research and several of the most notorious volcanoes have been designated asDecade Volcanoes for concentrated hazards research. Volcanologists must learn each individual “personality” and history when they try to help people living nearby. Therefore, the volcanoes chosen have to have a broad demographic and geopolitical appeal, to the representative body that has received the funding grant. There was lots of warning, but nobody expected this. Last known eruption: Avachinsky, 2001; Koryaksky, 2009. Teide, Spain (Canary Islands) Ulawun, Papau New Guinea. Mount Rainier, which is heavily glaciated, tends to collapse, causing enormous mud flows. That’s a deadly hazard, because those lakes drain every few decades and the lava is extremely fluid, meaning it an travel long distances, even into the nearby city of Goma. The Decade volcano project, are an IAVCEI contribution to the International Decade of Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR). Pyroclastic flows are a major hazard here. Mud flows and lava are more likely hazards and can happen at either volcano. Last known eruption: 2014. Background: Galeras is the most active volcano in Colombia and has been active for at least a million years. Teide has also had some earthquake swarms but is otherwise quiet. (Redirected from List of 21st-century earthquakes) The following is a summary of significant earthquakes during the 21st century. The volcano contains a lava lake, which has been the most voluminous known lava lake in recent history. But Taal also has been very active down through the centuries, as well as a couple eruptions in the distant past powerful enough to have left calderas — holes in the ground, basically — that eventually filled in with Lake Taal. Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker, Interesting Facts about the 16 Decade Volcanoes, Benefits, Types and Styles of Boonie Hats, Legality Is Important For Every Online Gambling Site for Your Safe Betting Experience, The Game-Changer Of Supercharged Turbo Engines, Tips on Mountain Climbing for New Climbers. But local hands have taken up the task of researching and monitoring this Decade Volcano. Background: The beautiful island of Santorini is what remained after the enormous Minoan eruption that destroyed the Eastern Mediterranean. Before the eruption, almost all residents have evacuated because of large earthquakes that served as a warning. Such explosions cause blast effects, ballistic rocks and lava bombs, and pyroclastic flows. Colima, a complex volcanic center near the western coast of Mexico, presents multiple hazards, in addition to being a threat to population centers. That’s the one that may have doomed Minoan civilization, which centered on the nearby island of Crete. Guatemala has lots volcanoes that demand attention. As you can see, they even ignite wildfires. Background: In Papua New Guinea, one of the most active volcanoes is Ulawun, which is also the highest mountain in the Bismarck Archipelago. The mass discharge rates were estimated for the larger events. It was designated as one of the Decade Volcanoes because of its history of deadly eruptions and its risk to nearby populated areas. Print list. Source List for Decade Volcano: Mauna Loa post April 4, 2020 BJ Deming Uncategorized Leave a comment Due to technical problems/hacking, I wasn’t able to include this with the original post . Project achievement: Scientists have estimated recurrence intervals of volcanic activity by using detailed geologic mapping as well as radiocarbon and paleomagnetic dating of more than 180 lava flows. This foresight has probably made the current crisis a little easier to manage. Decade Volcanoes: Vesuvius and Etna 12. Background: Mount Etna is the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy and the tallest active volcano in Europe. The residents of Armero, Colombia, weren’t so fortunate in 1985. The international scientific societies knew this very well, this is why the Decade Volcanoes were identified. Fortunately, the Hawaiian Islands are nowhere near a subduction zone, and eruptions here are usually not as explosive. Front Runners List: Click to see list completion progress by climbers that log their climbs using Peakbagger.com. Unzen awakened in 1990, forcing evacuations and destroying more than 2,000 buildings near Shimabara City. List of volcanoes in Samoa; See also. Last eruption: 2019. The worst volcano in the world is always going to be the one erupting near you, whether it’s on a scientific list or not. Last eruption: 2020. Project achievement: Frequent temporary evacuations have been conducted frequently in 1991, and from 1998 to 1999, and they were successfully managed. The Decade Volcanoes program has brought together geologists, volcanologists, and government officials to closely study these volcanoes and create risk-mitigation plans for potential eruptions. Background: Mount Rainier is the highest mountain in Washington, and is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. Sakurajima Volcano used to be an island in Kagoshima Bay until 1914, when one of its explosive eruptions also unleashed lava flows that connected it to the mainland. They also understood changes in magma source components and found out that there is an abundance of picrite flow in the volcano’s southwest rift zone by conducting submersible studies. Besides those terrifying gray death clouds, hazards at Merapi include lahars (an Indonesian word for mud flows) and big landslides. Satellite image of Volcano Mount Tambora, Indonesia which in 1892 had the largest eruption with a volcanic explosivity index (VEI) of 7. Additional 23 people also died after the eruption. The most recent, roughly 3,600 years ago, was a VEI 7 eruption. Too, the domes sometimes collapse, causing pyroclastic flows. The first recorded eruption of the volcano happened in 1700, and since then, Ulawun erupted 22 times. Ulawun Volcano, Papau New Guinea, one of the "Decade Volcanoes" There was some discussion earlier about the so-called "Decade Volcanoes", so I … This article and data visualizations explore the volcanic activity. On August 18, 2020, the Taal Volcano Network recorded five volcanic earthquakes in a 24-hour period, with weak steaming or fumarolic activity rising 20 meters high before drifting south-southwest observed from the vents on the Main Crater. Project achievement: The IDNDR has performed stratigraphic reconstruction, which revealed at least 112 eruptions in the past 8,000 years. With the advice of the IAVCEI, the lava flow of 1991-1993 was eventually prevented from reaching the town of Zafferana. Pyroclastic flows, lava, and gas have killed people and caused massive damage during other Vesuvius eruptions, including the last one in the 1940s. Background: Mount Teide is not only an active volcano – it’s also the highest point in Spain. Background: Considered as the most active volcano in Indonesia, Mount Merapi has been erupting regularly since 1548. The work in the volcano also produced laws on procedures for preparing and releasing volcanic hazards information. More than 300,000 residents live within 25 miles from the volcano, making it the most dangerous volcano in Mexico. In 1914, Sakurajima had a powerful eruption, in which the pre-eruption killed at least 35 people. It erupted for the first time in recorded history during 1890. The Decade Volcanoes are 16 volcanoes identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of particular study in light of their history of large, destructive eruptions and proximity to populated areas. Copy list to clipboard. Later, a Decade Volcano conference in the city of Pasto, Colombia in 1993 ended in disaster when several of the scientists present mounted an impromptu expedition to the The Mauna Loa eruptions in 1926 and 1950 have destroyed villages – the city of Hilo is actually partially built on lava flows from them. Here is the list of the volcanoes included in the Decade Volcanoes program and some of the accomplishments of the project (as well as some problems encountered) for each of the volcanoes: Background: Russia’s Avachinsky-Koryaksky has been active for tens of thousands of years. Population at risk: 766,000 Last known eruption: 1909. Teide is just the highest, and also one of the youngest. Mount Etna i… Together with the nearby Mount Nyamuragira, this volcano is responsible for 40% of Africa’s historical volcanic eruptions. Population at risk: 7,300,000 Last known eruption: 1996. It’s not easy to evacuate Naples and surrounding areas, but Vesuvius will not catch scientists and emergency personnel sleeping the next time it roars to life. The Decade Volcanoes are 16 volcanoes that are carefully monitored due to their potential for destructive eruptions especially in light of the closeness to civilisation. Unfortunately, warfare and social problems have limited what international volcanologists can do here. This African volcano has a flattish top like Galeras, in South America. More details.. The only typical volcanic hazards not shown in this animation are lava, gas, and tsunamis, though these all claimed victims that day, too. Santa Maria/Santiaguito’s Decade Volcano status hasn’t led to many government-financed projects yet. Project achievement: The project brought workshops for scientists and local leaders, as well as limitations on high-density housing developments in the Taal Caldera. The plan defined hazard zones, civil defense responses and scientific alert levels referenced to the eruption in 1631. The latest eruptions happened as repeated outbursts during October to December 2010 and killed 353 people as a result of many pyroclastic flows. Well over 20 million people live near Taal, located only 30 miles south of Manila, the nation’s capital. Because of this, important lessons were learned about the build-up of gas pressures near the surface. These volcanoes are identified by the International Association of Volcanology and the Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI). Last known eruption: 2019. 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